1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Species: Anthurium scandens (Aubl.) Engl.
        1. Anthurium scandens subsp. scandens

        This subspecies is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Epiphytic creeper; stems usually less than 1 m long; roots numerous along stem, ca. 3 mm diam., gray-green; cataphylls 3-6 cm long, drying brown, weathering to reticulate fibers and persisting around stem. LEAVES spreading; petioles sharply sulcate, rounded abaxially, 2-8.5 cm long, 2-3 mm diam.; geniculum 2-3 mm long, nearly obscure; blades ovate-elliptic to lanceolate-elliptic, moderately thick, (3.5)6-13 cm long, (1.5)2-5 cm wide, short-acuminate at apex, acute to rounded at base; upper surface semiglossy, lower surface conspicuously brown punctate; the midrib acutely raised above, diminished and sunken in apical half of blade, convexly raised below; primary lateral veins 3-10 per side (sometimes more), departing midrib at 35°-40° angle, weakly sunken above, ± obscure above and below; collective vein arising from the base, extending straight to apex, 3-5 mm from the margin. INFLORESCENCE erect to pendent, shorter than leaves; peduncle 1.5-6.5 cm long, 1-1.3 mm diam., equalling or longer than petioles; spathe pale green, ovate to narrowly ovate, 8-16 mm long, ca. 4 mm wide, reflexed at anthesis, abruptly acuminate at apex; spadix yellow-green, sometimes becoming lavender, 1.3-2 cm long, 2-3 mm diam. midway; flowers rhombic, 2-4 mm in both directions, the sides straight to sigmoid; 2-3 flowers visible in either spiral; tepals semiglossy, lateral tepals ca. 1.2 mm wide, the inner margin weakly concave to ± straight; pistil greenish-white, scarcely emergent; stigma brush-like, exserted, ca. 0.2 mm long; stamens emerging in a prompt and complete sequence from the base, held at edge of tepals and inclined over pistil; anthers white; thecae ovate, somewhat divaricate; pollen white. INFRUCTESCENCE spreading, the spathe persisting; spadix 2.5-3.5 cm long, to 7 mm diam.; berries usually pale violet to almost white, sometimes purple, obovoid, rounded at apex, 5-8 mm wide; seeds 1 or 2 per locule, pale yellow, ovoid, ca. 2 mm long, 1 mm wide.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Central American Pac, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles

    Anthurium scandens subsp. scandens appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1991 Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K000434151 isotype
    Mar 3, 1975 Fendler, A. [1347], Venezuela K000434316 Unknown type material
    Mar 3, 1975 Holton, I.F. [222], Colombia K000434318 Unknown type material
    Mar 3, 1975 [Müller, F.] [1132] K000434063 Unknown type material
    Schott [1859] K000434064 Unknown type material
    Meissier? [1132], Mexico K000434062
    Wendland [273], Guatemala Anthurium scandens var. dolosum K000434061 Unknown type material
    Anthurium scandens var. virgosum 34615.000
    Anthurium scandens var. violaceum 34999.000

    Accepted by

    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
    • Arias Granda, I. (1998). Flora de la República de Cuba, Ser. A., 1(1): 1-46.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0