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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum fraseri (Hook.f.) ined.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tasmania.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 30-60 cm long. Leaf-sheaths loose; longer than adjacent culm internode; ribbed. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-5 mm long; erose; obtuse, or acute. Leaf-blades 10-20 cm long; 4.5-8 mm wide; stiff; aromatic. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough on both sides. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; hardened.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; lanceolate; 4-9 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 2.5-4 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume ovate; 3.5-4 mm long; 0.8-1.3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; without keels; 3 -veined.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 1.1-1.5 length of fertile lemma; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; light brown; 1-keeled; 5 -veined; scaberulous; ciliolate on margins; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret subapical; 1-2 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret elliptic; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 1 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; scabrous; ciliolate on margins; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret subapical; 1-2 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 3 mm long; cartilaginous; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex mucronate. Palea elliptic; 1 length of lemma; 1 -veined; 1-keeled.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 2 (bisexual), or 3 (male); 1.5-2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid; 1.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Morris 2000.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tasmania

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Anthoxanthum fraseri (Hook.f.) ined. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0