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  1. Family: Polygalaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Polygala Tourn. ex L.
      1. Polygala veadeiroensis J.F.B.Pastore

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Goiás).

    [KBu]

    Pastore, J.F.B. Kew Bull (2018) 73: 37. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-018-9759-0

    Type
    Type: Brazil, Goiás, Chapada dos Veadeiros, Cavalcante, estrada [Rodovia GO-118], entre Cavalcante e Santa Teresina de Goiás, 14°03'27""S 47º30'16""W, 6 March 2003, Pastore & Suganuma 417 (holotype CTBS!; isotype CEN!).
    Habit
    Herbs annual to biennial; roots lignose, not fleshy; stems erect, with few or several branches, 25 – 40 cm tall, to 1 mm diam., cylindrical, 4-winged at base, puberulous with short-clavate trichomes, green without yellowish glands forming spots
    Leaves
    Leaves 3 – 4 verticillate at the 3 – 4 proximalmost nodes, distally alternate, subsessile, chartaceous, secondary veins not prominent; lamina 2.5 – 4 × 1.1 – 1.9 mm, obovate at the stem base to linear-lanceolate distally, apex acuminate, margin slightly revolute, base acute, sparsely covered by glandular trichomes, lamina with yellow glands, conspicuous when hydrated
    Inflorescences
    Racemes spiciform, 2 – 3 × 0.8 cm, apex cuspidate; flowers congested; peduncles 0.6 – 2 cm long; bracts 1.8 – 2.2 × 0.5 – 0.6 mm, linear-lanceolate, sparsely ciliate, persistent in fruit, c 2.2 – 2.5 times longer than bracteoles; bracteoles linear; pedicels 0.4 – 0.8 mm, glabrous
    Flowers
    Flowers yellowish, 3.6 – 4.1 mm long (excluding the pedicel); outer sepals lanceolate, apex acuminate, sparsely ciliate on margins; upper outer sepals 0.9 – 1.2 × 0.7 – 0.8 mm, lower outer sepals 2.1 × 1.2 mm, free from each other almost to the base; inner sepals (wings) 3.3 × 2.1 mm, ovate-elliptic, apex acuminate, margins eciliate, with pale yellowish spots around the central vein, longer than mature capsule, lateral petals 1.5 × 2.2 mm, apex rounded, margins eciliate, keel petal c. 3 mm long, cristate, with whitish spots around the dorsal central vein, persistent on mature fruits, 2 – 4 lobed, 1 mm long; style arched, terminated by an oblique cymbiform pre-stigmatic cavity, posterior extremity with a conspicuously crested appendage with abundant trichomes and an anterior globose stigma
    Fruits
    Capsules 2 – 2.3 × 1.5 – 1.8 mm, ovate, with pale yellowish spots, style caducous in fruit
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.9 – 2.3 × 0.7 – 0.9 mm, oblong, puberulous, appendages 1.3 – 1.9 × 0.2 – 0.3 mm, reaching ¾ to ⅚ of the seed length.
    Note
    The crested keel places Polygala veadeiroensis within Polygala subgenus Polygala , in addition the spiciform raceme, yellowish spots on floral parts, sepals with acuminate apex, winged stems, and verticillate leaves at proximal nodes are all associated with species belonging to Polygala section Timutua series TimoutoideaeChodat. Polygala veadeiroensis is morphologically most similar to P. carphoidesChodat, from which it is readily separable by its leaves 2.5 – 4 × 1.1 – 1.9 cm, racemes 2 – 3 × 0.8 cm, and linear bracts 2.3 – 2.5 mm long (vs leaves 0.4 – 0.9 × 0.1 – 0.3 cm, racemes 0.5 – 1.5 × 0.35 – 0.5 cm, and lanceolate bracts 0.7 – 1.5 mm long in P. carphoides). On the other hand P. veadeiroensis can be easily recognised by the short bracts when compared with P. cuspidata (2.3 – 2.5 cm vs 4.8 – 9 cm in P. cuspidata) (Table 1). Polygala veadeiroensis refers to the ChapadaVeadeiros region in the northeast of the Goiás State in Brazil.
    Distribution
    Most of the analysed specimens of Polygala veadeiroensis (except Pastore & Suganuma 648 and Cardoso et al. 2531) are likely to be derived from the same stretch of c. 20 km along the GO-118 road between Alto Paraíso de Goiás and Teresina de Goiás, on the borders of the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park (CVNP). However, other populations are likely to occur inside the CVNP (Map 1).
    Ecology
    Polygala veadeiroensis occurs in rocky field areas, called campo limporupestre, in sandy soil; altitudes between c. 1,200 – 1,500 m. Fig. 3E.
    Conservation
    Although Polygala veadeiroensis is likely to have a wider occurrence inside the area of CVNP (beyond the area estimated here), using the available data to determine the conservation status suggests the criterion VU (2B: a, b3) of IUCN (2012). The known area of occupancy is estimated to be less than 2,000 km2 (c. 228 km2) and because the only known habitat is quite near the interstate roads GO-118 and GO-239, a continued decline of habitat quality and quantity is anticipated.
    Phenology
    Polygala veadeiroensis flowers from February to June which coincides with the rainy season in savannas of Central Brazil.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil West-Central

    Other Data

    Polygala veadeiroensis J.F.B.Pastore appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 73(3)-37: 1 (2018)

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin

    • Pastore, J. F. B., Abbott, J. R., Neubig, K. M., Whitten, W. M., Mascarenhas, R. B., Mota, M. C. A. & van den Berg, C. (2017). A Molecular Phylogeny and Taxonomic Notes in Caamembeca (Polygala ceae). Syst. Bot. 42: 54 – 62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Pastore, J. F. B. (2016). Polygala minarum (Polygala ceae), a new species endemic to southern Minas Gerais, Brazil. Kew Bull. 71: 42 – 47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • BFG (2015). Growing knowledge: an overview of Seed Plant diversity in Brazil. Rodriguésia 66: 1085 – 1113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Pastore, J. F. B. (2013). Polygala judithea (Polygala ceae), a new species from Chapada dos Veadeiros, Goiás, Brazil. Kew Bull. 68: 301 – 304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • IUCN (ed.) (2012). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, Version 3.1, 2 ed. IUCN, Gland & Cambridge.Google Scholar
    • Abbott, J. R. (2009). Revision of Badiera (Polygala ceae) and phylogeny of the Polygaleae. Dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.Google Scholar
    • Paiva, J. A. R. (1998). Polygala rumafricanarum et madagascariensiumprodromusatquegerontogaei generis HeterosamaraKuntze, a genere Polygala L. segregati et a nobis denuorecepti, synopsis monographica. Fontqueria 50.Google Scholar
    • Marques, M. C. M. (1988). Polígalas do Brasil V, seção Polygala (Polygala ceae). Arch. Jard. Bot. Rio de Janeiro 29: 1 – 114.Google Scholar
    • Chodat, R. H. (1893). Monographiapolygalacearum. Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 31: 1 – 500.Google Scholar

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0