1. Family: Pedaliaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Sesamum L.
      1. Sesamum sesamoides (Endl.) Byng & Christenh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to Namibia.

    [FTEA]

    Pedaliaceae, A. Bruce. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1953

    Habit
    Simple or branched, erect or semi-prostrate, pubescent, annual herb, 15–90 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually opposite, varying in shape from ovate-deltoid to lanceolate-deltoid and more rarely ovate-cordate, upper ones narrower sometimes subentire, lower ones usually coarsely dentate at least towards the base (Fig. 6/2–4), 1.5–8 cm. long, 0.4–4.5 cm. broad, acute at the apex, truncate, widely cuneate or subhastate at the base, pubescent, densely glandular below, very sparsely so above; petioles pubescent, variable in length, lower ones up to 6 cm., upper ones from 0.1 cm.
    Flowers
    Flowers pink, lilac, mauve or purple, throat and lip often cream with darker lines; pedicels 3–5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx persistent, lobes lanceolate, pubescent, acute, 4–5 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla 1.3–4 cm. long, thinly pubescent; lowest lobe broadly ovate, upper and lateral lobes much shorter, transversely elliptic.
    Ovary
    Ovary thinly pubescent.
    Fruits
    Capsule pubescent and glandular, 1.2–2.3 cm. long, 0.4–0.7 cm. broad; horns varying from 1–3.5 mm. long, occasionally suppressed (Fig. 6/12–14).
    Seeds
    Seeds (Fig. 6/15 & 16) pale brown or black, 2.5–4 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. broad, margin transversely rugose, central portion convex, smooth.
    Figures
    Fig. 6.
    Habitat
    A weed of native cultivations and wasteland near villages, on sandy soil; 800–1600 m.
    Distribution
    K6 T1 T3 T4 T5 T6 U1
    [FZ]

    Pedaliaceae, H. D. Ihlenfeldt. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Annual herb, simple or branched, erect or semi-prostrate, up to 1.2 m. high, pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves (in the middle portion of the stem) lanceolate-deltate or ovate-cordate, usually coarsely dentate at least towards the base, 1.5–8 cm. long, 0.4–4.5 cm. broad, acute at the apex, truncate, broadly cuneate or subhastate at the base, subsessile or with petioles up to 6 cm.
    Flowers
    Flowers pink, lilac, mauve or occasionally purple, the throat and lip often cream with dark lines; corolla 1.3–4 cm. long, thinly pubescent; anterior lobe broadly ovate, the upper and lateral lobes much shorter and transversely elliptic.
    Fruits
    Capsule pubescent and glandular, 0.8–2.1 cm. long, usually laterally much compressed; horns slender (sometimes inconspicuous), 1–3.3 mm. long, usually horizontal or slightly ascending.
    Seeds
    Seeds ascending, broadly obovate in outline, with a single fringe, c. 2.7 mm. long and 2.2 mm. broad, the central portion convex; testa in the central portion smooth, in the marginal portion radially rugose.
    [FWTA]

    Pedaliaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect or suberect herb, branched, 1/2-2 ft. high
    Flowers
    Foxglove-like flowers 3/4-1 in. long, solitary in the axils, pink or light red-purple outside, paler purple streaks inside, sometimes white.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Wild or false foxglove

    Sesamum sesamoides (Endl.) Byng & Christenh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 15, 1965 Heudelot [147], Senegal Sesamum heudelotii K000430500 Unknown type material
    Oct 15, 1965 Kotschy [101], Sudan Ceratotheca sesamoides K000430483 isotype
    Oct 15, 1965 Kotschy [105], Ethiopia Ceratotheca sesamoides K000430482 isotype
    Oct 15, 1965 Kohaut [s.n.], Senegal Ceratotheca sesamoides K000430484 isotype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9529], Tanzania Ceratotheca sesamoides 11696.000
    Bullock, A.A. [3771], Tanzania Ceratotheca sesamoides 11695.000
    Barbosa, G. [11774], Angola Ceratotheca sesamoides K001008715

    First published in Global Fl. 4: 146 (2018)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/