1. Family: Rutaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Zanthoxylum L.
      1. Zanthoxylum capense (Thunb.) Harv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Rutaceae, F. A. Mendoça. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Tree up to 10 m. tall; trunk usually armed with aculeate corky bosses; young branches and inflorescences minutely pubescent or glabrous; stems and the rhachis of the leaves sometimes aculeate; aculei straight, greyish, up to 8 mm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves 4–12 cm. long; rhachis together with the petiole 4–8 cm. long, deeply grooved above; leaflets sessile, opposite or alternate, (2) 3–8-jugate, becoming progressively larger from the basal pair upwards to the apical one; lamina 1·4 × 1–2·3 cm., elliptic to broadly elliptic or obovate, obtuse or rounded or rarely acute at the apex, margin slightly crenulate or serrulate with pellucid glands in the sinuses only, obtuse and usually with small callose auricles at the base, ± asymmetric, the terminal leaflet frequently atrophied or aborted; nerves 4–8 pairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of terminal panicles, 2–6 cm. long; bracts 0·6 mm. long, ovate, ciliolate.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4-merous, subsessile or with pedicels up to 1·5 mm. long. Female flowers: staminodes 4, reduced to the aborted anthers, inserted at the base of a stout gynophore 0·3 mm. long; ovary glabrous, ovoid, conspicuously dotted with glands, 1-locular, 2-ovulate; style c. 0·8 mm. long; stigma discoid, black. Male flowers: stamens 4; vestigial ovary very small.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, free, 0·5 mm. long, ovate, persistent on the fruit.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, imbricate, 2·7–3·1 × 1–1·3 mm., narrowly elliptic.
    Male
    Male flowers: stamens 4; vestigial ovary very small.
    Female
    Female flowers: staminodes 4, reduced to the aborted anthers, inserted at the base of a stout gynophore 0·3 mm. long; ovary glabrous, ovoid, conspicuously dotted with glands, 1-locular, 2-ovulate; style c. 0·8 mm. long; stigma discoid, black.
    Fruits
    Fruit 4–4·5 mm. in diam., subsessile or with a short stipe up to 2 mm. long, subglobose, gland-dotted.
    Seeds
    Seed black, shiny.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Zanthoxylum capense (Thunb.) Harv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    K000199459 Unknown type material
    K000199460 Unknown type material
    Thorncroft, G. [1089], South Africa K000199458
    Gill [s.n.] K000199461 Unknown type material

    First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 1: 446 (1860)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0