1. Family: Rutaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Zanthoxylum L.
      1. Zanthoxylum leprieurii Guill. & Perr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Rutaceae, J.O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Medium-sized tree 6–15 m. high and up to 40 cm. in diameter at the base; stem or trunk armed with conical woody prickle-bearing outgrowths up to 6 cm. long; branches armed with short strong prickles; prickles 3–8 cm. long, brown with darker tips, straight or sometimes bent forwards or recurved.
    Leaves
    Leaves 15–55 cm. long; rhachis sometimes with recurved or straight prickles; petiolule 1–3 mm. long on lateral leaflets, and up to 25 mm. on terminal leaflet(s), the terminal leaflets sometimes in pairs; leaflets 4–8(–12) pairs, opposite or subopposite, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, usually unequal-sided, 2.5–12(–16) cm. long, 1.5–4(–7.5) cm. broad, acuminate or caudate at the apex, oblique and cuneate at the base, apparently entire towards the base but generally crenate-serrulate above, glabrous, coriaceous; gland-dots darker than the lamina surface; lateral nerves 8–16 pairs, fine and rather closely arranged.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an axillary panicle with sessile mostly alternate flowers on the primary panicle branches, 15–30(–45) cm. long, puberulent with short glandular hairs to glabrescent; peduncle occasionally armed at the base; bracts short.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, slightly united at the base, broadly ovate, 0.4–0.6 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, oblong, 1.5–2 mm. long, 0.8–1 mm. broad, creamy white.
    Male
    Male flowers:stamens 4; rudimentary unicarpellate pistil present.
    Flowers
    Female flowers:vestigial staminodes 4; disk subcylindrical; ovary globose, ± 1 mm. in diameter. Male flowers:stamens 4; rudimentary unicarpellate pistil present.
    Female
    Female flowers:vestigial staminodes 4; disk subcylindrical; ovary globose, ± 1 mm. in diameter.
    Fruits
    Fruit a subglobose follicle 4–5 mm. in diameter, subsessile, reddish, foveolate.
    Seeds
    Seeds subglobose, 3–3.5 mm. in diameter, black and shiny.
    Habitat
    Rain-forest; 900–2000 m.
    Distribution
    W. Africa T7 T8 U1 U2 U4
    [FWTA]

    Rutaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An understorey forest tree, 15–80 ft. high
    Stem
    Stems covered with large broad-based thorns having sharp points
    Flowers
    Flowers white.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Zanthoxylum leprieurii Guill. & Perr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13650], Cameroon K000580025
    Oct 1, 2003 Cable, S. [2919], Cameroon K000198277
    Jan 1, 1993 Thomas, D.W. [9436], Cameroon K000540126
    Welwitsch [4558], Angola K000199402
    Welwitsch [4575], Angola K000199403
    Gillet, J. [s.n.], Congo, DRC K000199420 Unknown type material
    Jaeger, P. [5560], Mali Fagara leprieurii K000385780
    Troupin, G. [4458], Congo, DRC Fagara angolensis 8915.000

    First published in Fl. Seneg. Tent.: 141 (1831)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rutaceae: 1-52.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Kokwaro, J.O. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rutaceae: 1-52.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Guill. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1:141 (1831).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0