1. Family: Santalaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Thesium L.
      1. Thesium breyeri N.E.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe to Mpumalanga.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type from South Africa (Mpumalanga).
    Habit
    Herb, possibly annual or perennial, drying blackish or fuscous; stems tufted, up to 1 m long, sprawling, decumbent or sometimes erect (?), profusely branched, strongly ribbed to almost narrowly winged by raised vascular strands terminating in midribs of leaves and bracts, leafy Herb, possibly annual or perennial, drying blackish or fuscous; stems tufted, up to 1 m long, sprawling, decumbent or sometimes erect (?), profusely branched, strongly ribbed to almost narrowly winged by raised vascular strands terminating in midribs of leaves and bracts, leafy.
    Leaves
    Leaves ascending or spreading, c.12–45 × 0.8–2.1 mm, smaller upwards and on young branchlets, linear, very acute, apiculate, margins and midline sometimes very minutely scabridulous, these scabrid projections carried down the stems by the decurrent leaves, ventral surface flat, dorsal keeled by strongly raised midrib Leaves ascending or spreading, c.12–45 × 0.8–2.1 mm, smaller upwards and on young branchlets, linear, very acute, apiculate, margins and midline sometimes very minutely scabridulous, these scabrid projections carried down the stems by the decurrent leaves, ventral surface flat, dorsal keeled by strongly raised midrib.
    Style
    Style 0.7–1 mm long; stigma reaching middle or top of anthers
    Ecology
    Sandy grassland or cultivated areas near the sea to rocky sites at higher altitudes, but scant information available.
    Note
    The long leaves and mostly long pedicels with bracts adnate right up to the base of the bracteoles at once distinguish T. breyeri from T. cymosum; also, T. breyeri is not stoloniferous.
    Distribution
    Also in South Africa (Transvaal). Mozambique ZIM C, MOZ GI, MOZ M Zimbabwe
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–5 in small pseudoracemes terminating every twiglet (apical flowers the oldest), the whole forming a lax well branched panicle. Flowers 1–5 in small pseudoracemes terminating every twiglet (apical flowers the oldest), the whole forming a lax well branched panicle
    Bracts
    Bracts (lowermost) 8–25 × 0.6–1 mm, leaf-like, adnate to entire pedicel; bracteoles 2, 4–7 × 0.4–0.8 mm. Bracts (lowermost) 8–25 × 0.6–1 mm, leaf-like, adnate to entire pedicel; bracteoles 2, 4–7 × 0.4–0.8 mm
    Pedicel
    Pedicels (lowermost) 3–10 mm long. Pedicels (lowermost) 3–10 mm long
    Perianth
    Perianth whitish to yellowish within; tube 0.7–1 mm long, external glands obscure; lobes 0.8–1.3 × 0.4–0.6 mm, triangular, subacute, margins slightly inflexed, weakly fimbriate-erose. Perianth whitish to yellowish within; tube 0.7–1 mm long, external glands obscure; lobes 0.8–1.3 × 0.4–0.6 mm, triangular, subacute, margins slightly inflexed, weakly fimbriate-erose
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted at base of lobes; filaments 0.2–0.6 mm long, hidden by anthers to partly visible; anthers 0.3–0.6 mm long. Stamens inserted at base of lobes; filaments 0.2–0.6 mm long, hidden by anthers to partly visible; anthers 0.3–0.6 mm long
    Pistil
    Style 0.7–1 mm long; stigma reaching middle or top of anthers.
    Fruits
    Fruit 2.5–3.5 × 2–3.5 mm, brownish-buff, 5 ribs strongly raised, 5 less so, finely and distinctly reticulate. Fruit 2.5–3.5 × 2–3.5 mm, brownish-buff, 5 ribs strongly raised, 5 less so, finely and distinctly reticulate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Thesium breyeri N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Breyer [17969], South Africa K000431770 Unknown type material

    First published in J.Burtt Davy, Man. Pl. Transvaal 2: 461 (1932)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Burtt Davy, Fl. Pl. Ferns Transvaal, part 2: xxxii and 461 (1932). TAB. 45, fig. D.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0