1. Family: Santalaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Thesium L.
      1. Thesium chimanimaniense Brenan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe (Chimanimani Mountains).

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type:Zimbabwe, Chimanimani Mts., 10.vi.1948, R.C. Munch 71 (K, holotype; SRGH).
    Perianth
    Perianth “pale green” or “dull yellow”; tube 1–1.8 mm long, external glands inconspicuous, ellipsoid, as long as tube; lobes 1.5–2 × 0.5–0.75 mm, oblong, ± obtuse, margins inflexed, erose-lacinulate Perianth “pale green” or “dull yellow”; tube 1–1.8 mm long, external glands inconspicuous, ellipsoid, as long as tube; lobes 1.5–2 × 0.5–0.75 mm, oblong, ± obtuse, margins inflexed, erose-lacinulate.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted at base of perianth lobes; filaments 0.8–1.3 mm long, clearly visible; anthers 0.6–0.8 mm long Stamens inserted at base of perianth lobes; filaments 0.8–1.3 mm long, clearly visible; anthers 0.6–0.8 mm long.
    Style
    Style 1.7–2.5 mm long; stigma nearly reaching top of perianth lobes
    Ecology
    Grassland, rocky sites.
    Note
    Allied to T. dolichomeres, which it resembles in habit, foliage, and the form of the flowers, but these are smaller than those of T. dolichomeres, the lobes are roughly as long as the tube (not much longer) and their margins are merely erose, not fringed with long hairs.
    Distribution
    ZIM E Zimbabwe Known only from the Chimanimani Mts.
    Habit
    Bushy perennial herb fide collectors, underground parts not seen, drying dark red-brown; stems erect to c. 600–900 mm, less than 2 mm in diameter near base, simple below, virgately branched above, branches sharply ascending, very weakly ribbed by decurrent leaves, sparsely leafy. Bushy perennial herb fide collectors, underground parts not seen, drying dark red-brown; stems erect to c. 600–900 mm, less than 2 mm in diameter near base, simple below, virgately branched above, branches sharply ascending, very weakly ribbed by decurrent leaves, sparsely leafy
    Leaves
    Leaves c. 7–14 × 1 mm but rapidly smaller upwards, sharply ascending, linear, almost acicular, nearly round in section, apex acute, apiculate, midrib invisible. Leaves c. 7–14 × 1 mm but rapidly smaller upwards, sharply ascending, linear, almost acicular, nearly round in section, apex acute, apiculate, midrib invisible
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, sessile in axil of each bract, c. 13–50 in crowded terminal spikes further arranged in a well branched panicle. Flowers solitary, sessile in axil of each bract, c. 13–50 in crowded terminal spikes further arranged in a well branched panicle
    Bracts
    Bracts c. 2.8–3 × 0.6–0.8 mm, leaf-like, ± spreading; bracteoles 2, similar to bracts but smaller. Bracts c. 2.8–3 × 0.6–0.8 mm, leaf-like, ± spreading; bracteoles 2, similar to bracts but smaller
    Pistil
    Style 1.7–2.5 mm long; stigma nearly reaching top of perianth lobes.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 2 × 2 mm, light red-brown, ribs and reticulations lightly raised. Fruit c. 2 × 2 mm, light red-brown, ribs and reticulations lightly raised.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Zimbabwe

    Thesium chimanimaniense Brenan appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 21, 1964 Munch, R.C. [71], Zimbabwe K000431513 Unknown type material
    Sep 21, 1964 Munch, R.C. [71], Zimbabwe K000431512 holotype

    First published in Kirkia 4: 137 (1964)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Kirkia 4: 137 (1964). TAB. 46, fig. E.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0