1. Family: Santalaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Thesium L.
      1. Thesium dolichomeres Brenan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe (Chimanimani Mountains).

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type:Zimbabwe, Chimanimani, Wild 2868 (K, holotype; SRGH).
    Habit
    Perennial herb drying dark red-brown or blackish, underground parts not seen, possibly one or a few stems from the crown, erect to 600 mm–1.5 m, c. 3 mm diameter at base, simple below, virgately branched above, branches rather sharply ascending, very weakly ribbed by decurrent leaves, sparsely leafy Perennial herb drying dark red-brown or blackish, underground parts not seen, possibly one or a few stems from the crown, erect to 600 mm–1.5 m, c. 3 mm diameter at base, simple below, virgately branched above, branches rather sharply ascending, very weakly ribbed by decurrent leaves, sparsely leafy.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2.5–23 × 0.8–1 mm, sparse and rapidly smaller upwards, ascending, linear, almost acicular, elliptic in section, apex acute, apiculate, midrib invisible Leaves 2.5–23 × 0.8–1 mm, sparse and rapidly smaller upwards, ascending, linear, almost acicular, elliptic in section, apex acute, apiculate, midrib invisible.
    Style
    Style 4.8–5.8 mm long; stigma nearly reaching top of perianth lobes
    Fruits
    Fruit 2.5–3 × 2.5–3 mm, light red-brown, ribs and reticulations lightly raised. Fruit 2.5–3 × 2.5–3 mm, light red-brown, ribs and reticulations lightly raised.
    Ecology
    Brachystegia woodland or scrub, rocky sites over quartzite, granite or schist; 1300–1675 m.
    Note
    The tall virgately branched almost leafless stems and big panicles of exceptionally large flowers with remarkably long fringed lobes and very short tube render T. dolichomeres altogether distinctive.
    Distribution
    ZIM E Zimbabwe Known only from the Chimanimani Mts.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in axil of each bract, sessile, c. 8–22 in rather lax terminal spikes further arranged in a large, spreading, lax panicle. Flowers solitary in axil of each bract, sessile, c. 8–22 in rather lax terminal spikes further arranged in a large, spreading, lax panicle
    Bracts
    Bracts 2–3.5 × 0.4–0.8 mm, leaf-like; bracteoles 2, similar to bracts but smaller. Bracts 2–3.5 × 0.4–0.8 mm, leaf-like; bracteoles 2, similar to bracts but smaller
    Pedicel
    Pedicels wanting or very short. Pedicels wanting or very short
    Perianth
    Perianth probably creamy-white fading to brownish-yellow; tube 1–1.3 mm long, external glands inconspicuous, ellipsoid, as long as tube; lobes 4.7–6 × 0.7–1 mm at base, oblong, ± obtuse, deeply hooded, margins strongly inflexed, enfolding lower part of filaments, densely fringed with long white curled hairs. Perianth probably creamy-white fading to brownish-yellow; tube 1–1.3 mm long, external glands inconspicuous, ellipsoid, as long as tube; lobes 4.7–6 × 0.7–1 mm at base, oblong, ± obtuse, deeply hooded, margins strongly inflexed, enfolding lower part of filaments, densely fringed with long white curled hairs
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted at base of perianth lobes; filaments 4.3–5 mm long, partly adnate to perianth tube, very conspicuous; anthers 0.6–0.8 mm long. Stamens inserted at base of perianth lobes; filaments 4.3–5 mm long, partly adnate to perianth tube, very conspicuous; anthers 0.6–0.8 mm long
    Pistil
    Style 4.8–5.8 mm long; stigma nearly reaching top of perianth lobes.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Zimbabwe

    Thesium dolichomeres Brenan appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 21, 1964 Wild, H. [2868], Zimbabwe K000431514 holotype
    Sep 21, 1964 Wild, H. [2868], Zimbabwe K000431515 holotype

    First published in Kirkia 4: 138 (1964)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Kirkia 4: 138 (1964). TAB. 46, fig. A.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0