1. Family: Santalaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Thesium L.
      1. Thesium multiramulosum Pilg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Lectotype, chosen here: Zimbabwe, Mutare (Umtali), “Baumsteppe”, 1200 m, ix.1905, Engler 3146 (B; K, fragment).
    Pedicel
    Pedicels/peduncles (lowermost) 2–4 mm long or occasionally longer
    Style
    Style 0.8–1.5 mm long; stigma reaching base or apex of anthers
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 3.5 × 3.5 mm, light yellowish-brown, strongly ribbed and reticulate. Fruit c. 3.5 × 3.5 mm, light yellowish-brown, strongly ribbed and reticulate.
    Ecology
    Grassland; c. 200–1400 m.
    Note
    Easily recognized among species with perianth lobes bearded from the apex by its stems, simple below, branching above into a lax inflorescence loosely panicled, scattered leaves and very small bracts and bracteoles.
    Distribution
    Also in Tanzania and South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal Provinces). Mozambique Malawi ZIM E, MAL S, MOZ M Zimbabwe
    Habit
    Perennial herb with woody caudex; stems 1 or a few from crown, up to 1 m tall, c. 5 mm in diameter near base, either simple below, virgately branched above, or branching from the base when regenerating quickly after fire, lightly ribbed by raised vascular strands terminating in midrib of leaves and bracts, nude or with a few scattered reduced or scale-like leaves below, remotely leafy above. Perennial herb with woody caudex; stems 1 or a few from crown, up to 1 m tall, c. 5 mm in diameter near base, either simple below, virgately branched above, or branching from the base when regenerating quickly after fire, lightly ribbed by raised vascular strands terminating in midrib of leaves and bracts, nude or with a few scattered reduced or scale-like leaves below, remotely leafy above
    Leaves
    Leaves c. 7–25 × 0.8–1 mm, smaller upwards and passing into bracts, linear, apex apiculate, flat ventrally with raised midrib, rounded dorsally. Leaves c. 7–25 × 0.8–1 mm, smaller upwards and passing into bracts, linear, apex apiculate, flat ventrally with raised midrib, rounded dorsally
    Flowers
    Flowers either solitary or in 3-flowered cymules racemosely arranged at branchlet tips, the whole forming a spreading panicle, c. 8–24 flowers or cymules in each inflorescence, distant. Flowers either solitary or in 3-flowered cymules racemosely arranged at branchlet tips, the whole forming a spreading panicle, c. 8–24 flowers or cymules in each inflorescence, distant
    Bracts
    Bracts (lowermost) 2–2.5 × 0.6 mm, leaf-like, adnate to base of pedicel/peduncle; bracteoles 2, 1–1.5 × 0.4–0.5 mm. Bracts (lowermost) 2–2.5 × 0.6 mm, leaf-like, adnate to base of pedicel/peduncle; bracteoles 2, 1–1.5 × 0.4–0.5 mm
    Pedicels and Peduncles
    Pedicels/peduncles (lowermost) 2–4 mm long or occasionally longer.
    Perianth
    Perianth yellowish-green; tube 1–1.2 mm long, external glands inconspicuous, ellipsoid; lobes 1.4–1.6 × 0.8–1.1 mm, triangular, subacute, densely white-bearded from apex. Perianth yellowish-green; tube 1–1.2 mm long, external glands inconspicuous, ellipsoid; lobes 1.4–1.6 × 0.8–1.1 mm, triangular, subacute, densely white-bearded from apex
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted at base of perianth lobes; filaments 0.2–0.5 mm long, almost hidden by anthers; anthers 0.6–0.8 mm long. Stamens inserted at base of perianth lobes; filaments 0.2–0.5 mm long, almost hidden by anthers; anthers 0.6–0.8 mm long
    Pistil
    Style 0.8–1.5 mm long; stigma reaching base or apex of anthers.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Thesium multiramulosum Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Engler [3146], Zimbabwe K000431475
    Pott, R. [5511], South Africa K000431791 Unknown type material

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40: 57 (1907)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Burtt Davy, Fl. Pl. Ferns Transvaal, part 2: 459 (1932).
    • F.T.A. 6, 1: 419 (1911).
    • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40: 57 (1907).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0