1. Family: Santalaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Thesium L.
      1. Thesium scirpoides A.W.Hill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mozambique to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Syntypes from South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Free State).
    Leaves
    Leaves distant, all reduced to scales, c. 2.5 × 1 mm, linear-lanceolate, thick-textured, margins ± membranous and erose-ciliolate, erect, closely appressed to stem Leaves distant, all reduced to scales, c. 2.5 × 1 mm, linear-lanceolate, thick-textured, margins ± membranous and erose-ciliolate, erect, closely appressed to stem.
    Style
    Style none; stigma sessile, placenta twisted
    Ecology
    Grassland.
    Note
    Easily recognized by the combination of scaly stems, bearded perianth lobes and sessile stigma.
    Distribution
    MOZ M Mozambique Also in South Africa (Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State).
    Habit
    Perennial herb with small branched woody caudex; stems 1–several from the crown, up to c. 450 mm tall, c. 1.5–2 mm diameter at base, simple at base, soon virgately branched, shallowly ribbed, ± minutely pustulate. Perennial herb with small branched woody caudex; stems 1–several from the crown, up to c. 450 mm tall, c. 1.5–2 mm diameter at base, simple at base, soon virgately branched, shallowly ribbed, ± minutely pustulate
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in axils of bracts, ± laxly arranged in spikes, loosely panicled, c. 10–30 in each spike. Flowers solitary in axils of bracts, ± laxly arranged in spikes, loosely panicled, c. 10–30 in each spike
    Bracts
    Bracts c. 2 × 1.7 mm, ovate-lanceolate, acute, thick-textured, margins membranous, erose-ciliolate; bracteoles 2, only slightly smaller than bract. Bracts c. 2 × 1.7 mm, ovate-lanceolate, acute, thick-textured, margins membranous, erose-ciliolate; bracteoles 2, only slightly smaller than bract
    Pedicel
    Pedicels wanting. Pedicels wanting
    Perianth
    Perianth green outside; tube c. 1 mm long, external glands obscure; lobes c. 1.8 × 1 mm, triangular, densely white-bearded from apex. Perianth green outside; tube c. 1 mm long, external glands obscure; lobes c. 1.8 × 1 mm, triangular, densely white-bearded from apex
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted at base of perianth lobes; filaments c. 0.25 mm long, visible; anthers c. 0.5 mm long. Stamens inserted at base of perianth lobes; filaments c. 0.25 mm long, visible; anthers c. 0.5 mm long
    Pistil
    Style none; stigma sessile, placenta twisted.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 3.5 × 3.5 mm, light red-brown, ribs lightly raised, reticulations weak. Fruit c. 3.5 × 3.5 mm, light red-brown, ribs lightly raised, reticulations weak.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

    Thesium scirpoides A.W.Hill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hutchinson, J. [4618], South Africa K000431648
    Wood, J.M. [4066], South Africa K000431646 Unknown type material
    Cooper, T. [834], South Africa K000431647 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1915: 40 (1915)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Burtt Davy, Fl. Pl. Ferns Transvaal, part 2: 459 (1932). TAB. 48, fig. E.
    • Bull. Misc. Inform., Kew 1915: 40 (1915)
    • F.C. 5, 2: 175 (1915).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0