1. Family: Santalaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Thesium L.
      1. Thesium stuhlmannii Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Ethiopia to Malawi, N. Yemen.

    [FTEA]

    Santalaceae, P.M. Polhill, B.A., Ph.D., F.L.S. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Perennial herb; taproot swollen and sometimes 2–several-fid to support a densely packed bunch of stems without very evident vegetative buds (some small ones are present), occasionally forming slender rhizomes bearing more stems; stems green or orange-green, numerous, erect, 10–60 cm tall, branched from near the base upwards; ribs strongly raised except near base, extending into midrib of scales and bracts.
    Leaves
    Leaves all reduced to scales, small at base of stem, grading upwards into bracts, mostly lanceolate, lowermost sometimes more oblong-obovate, 1–2.5x0.3–1 mm, acute to apiculate, margins scarious and sometimes ± erose, ± keeled.
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile, 1–2 in each bract, mostly crowded on condensed short shoots, with up to 10 flowers on shoots 0.5–1 cm long, but other flowers in elongate spikes, the bracts more distant below;bracts acuminately ovate or lanceolate, 2–3x1.5–2 mm, apiculate, with scarious margins, keeled; bracteoles 2, similar.
    Perianth
    Perianth yellow-green outside, yellow or whitish within; tube 1–1.2 mm long, with small swellings below sinuses of lobes; lobes narrow, tapering to a hooded tip, 1.8–2.2 mm long, margins slightly inflexed, glabrous; hood 0.1 mm long.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted on lower part of perianth lobes; filaments conspicuous, 0.6–0.8 mm long; anthers 0.3–0.5 mm long.
    Style
    Style 2.8–3 mm long, nearly as long as perianth.
    Fruits
    Fruit buff to pale brown, ovoid-globose to ellipsoid-globose, 1.2–2 mm long, 1–1.5 mm in diameter, ribbed but not strongly reticulate.
    Habitat
    Short grassland subject to fire, sometimes in rocky places or on lava ash; 1050–2750 m
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 U1 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

    Thesium stuhlmannii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Stuhlmann [934], Tanzania K000431461 Unknown type material

    First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 168 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. (2005). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Santalaceae: 1-27.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 159 (1994).
    • A.G. Miller in Fl. Eth. & Erit. 3: 380 (1989).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 552 (1949).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 142 (1932).
    • Baker & Hill in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 422 (1911), excl. specim. Whyte 321.
    • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 168 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0