1. Family: Santalaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Thesium L.
      1. Thesium vahrmeijeri Brenan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mozambique to KwaZulu-Natal.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type from South Africa (Tongaland).
    Style
    Style 0.3–0.6 mm long; stigma reaching about midway up anthers
    Ecology
    Sandy grassland near the sea.
    Note
    Distinguished by its annual habit, copious fastigiate branching, few flowers terminating each twiglet, perianth lobes bearded from the apex, and strongly patterned fruits with a long stipe.
    Distribution
    MOZ GI, MOZ M Mozambique Also in South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Tongaland).
    Habit
    Herb, probably annual; stem c. 150–600 mm long, profusely branched from the base, prostrate to suberect, weakly ribbed by raised vascular strands terminating in midrib of leaves and bracts, laxly leafy. Herb, probably annual; stem c. 150–600 mm long, profusely branched from the base, prostrate to suberect, weakly ribbed by raised vascular strands terminating in midrib of leaves and bracts, laxly leafy
    Leaves
    Leaves spreading, 5–12(20) × 0.25–0.75 mm, passing imperceptibly into bracts, linear, apiculate, margins smooth, ventral surface plane, midrib scarcely raised, dorsal surface rounded. Leaves spreading, 5–12(20) × 0.25–0.75 mm, passing imperceptibly into bracts, linear, apiculate, margins smooth, ventral surface plane, midrib scarcely raised, dorsal surface rounded
    Flowers
    Flowers 2–4 in a lax raceme terminating each twiglet. Flowers 2–4 in a lax raceme terminating each twiglet
    Bracts
    Bracts (lowermost) 3.75–5.5 × 0.7–0.9 mm, leaf-like, adnate almost or quite to top of pedicel; bracteoles 2, 1.8–3 × 0.4–0.6 mm. Bracts (lowermost) 3.75–5.5 × 0.7–0.9 mm, leaf-like, adnate almost or quite to top of pedicel; bracteoles 2, 1.8–3 × 0.4–0.6 mm
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 0.5–2.5 mm long. Pedicels 0.5–2.5 mm long
    Perianth
    Perianth probably greenish; tube 0.4–0.7 mm long, external glands small, ellipsoid; lobes 1.1–1.6 × 0.6–0.7 mm, triangular, subacute, densely white-bearded from apex. Perianth probably greenish; tube 0.4–0.7 mm long, external glands small, ellipsoid; lobes 1.1–1.6 × 0.6–0.7 mm, triangular, subacute, densely white-bearded from apex
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted at base of perianth lobes; filaments c. 0.3 mm long, almost hidden by anthers; anthers 0.3–0.4 mm long. Stamens inserted at base of perianth lobes; filaments c. 0.3 mm long, almost hidden by anthers; anthers 0.3–0.4 mm long
    Pistil
    Style 0.3–0.6 mm long; stigma reaching about midway up anthers.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 3 × 2.6 mm, stipe c. 1.5–2 mm, yellowish-buff to red-brown (stipe pale), strongly ribbed and reticulate. Fruit c. 3 × 2.6 mm, stipe c. 1.5–2 mm, yellowish-buff to red-brown (stipe pale), strongly ribbed and reticulate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique

    Thesium vahrmeijeri Brenan appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Brenan, J.P.M. [14221], South Africa K000431795 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 33: 396 (1979)

    Accepted by

    • Visser, N., Le Roux, M.M. & van Wyk, B.-E. (2018). A taxonomic revision of the Thesium goetzeanum species complex (Santalaceae) from Lesotho, South Africa and Swaziland Journal of South African Botany 119: 45-62.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Kew Bull. 33: 396 (1979).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0