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  1. Family: Sapindaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cardiospermum L.
      1. Cardiospermum corindum L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. U.S.A. to N. Argentina, Tropical & S. Africa, Uttarakhand to S. Central China and Sri Lanka, Marianas.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1400 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba, trepadora
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FZ]

    Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Annual herbaceous or slightly woody climber, densely puberulous; internodes 4–8(11) cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnate to biternate; petiole 0·5–3(4·5) cm. long; rhachis 1–3 cm. long.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets with lowest pair ternate, terminal one 2–4 × 1–2 (2·3) cm., lateral ones 2–3·5 × 1–2 cm., lamina with upper surface bright green and under surface grey-green with raised venation, puberulous, apex obtuse and apiculate, margin crenate to lobed, base attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an axillary many-branched numerous-flowered corymbose thyrse; peduncle c. 6 cm. long, pubescent, multibracteate.
    Flowers
    Flowers white to creamy yellow, 4–6 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals with lateral ones c. 1 mm. long, anterior and posterior ones c. 3 mm. long, ovate.
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5 mm. long, 2 anterior ones ovate with small petaloid appendages, 2 posterior ones ovate bearing recurved appendages with clavate apices covered with patent hairs which cause them to cohere.
    Androecium
    Stamens with the filaments of the inner ones slightly shorter; filaments free.
    Ovary
    Ovary hirsute.
    Fruits
    Fruit 2–3·6 cm. long, 3-gonous or 3-quetrous.
    Seeds
    Seed 5 mm. in diam., globose; hilum reniform.
    [FTEA]

    Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

    Habit
    Annual herbaceous to slightly woody climber, 0.3–4.5 m. tall; stems deeply grooved, densely shortly pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves stipulate, biternate or pinnate, triangular or ovate in outline, up to 9 cm. long, 10 cm. wide, mostly densely velvety pubescent, in biternate examples composed of 3 main divisions, the median larger than the laterals; petiole 0.3–2(–3) cm. long; first order petiolules 0.1–3 cm. long, second order petiolules 0–1 cm. long; terminal leaflet ovate, 1–5.2 cm. long, 0.5–4.5 cm. wide, acute to acuminate and apiculate at the apex, attenuate-decurrent to truncate or cordate at the base, crenate to serrate or deeply lobed.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences corymbose to paniculate, the rhachis with 3–5, few-flowered corymbiform racemoid thyrses, grey-pubescent, or a paniculate thyrse 0.4–1.5 cm. long with 6–12 racemoid thyrses 0.2–1.1 cm. long; peduncle below tendrils (2–)3–12 cm. long, above 0.2–1.3 cm. long; secondary peduncles 0.2–1.4 cm. long; pedicels 2–4 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals unequal; outer broadly elliptic to ± round, 1.5–2 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, inner elliptic, 3–5.5 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide.
    Corolla
    Petals white or cream, elliptic, (3–)4–6 mm. long, 2–3.5 mm. wide; appendage orange.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8, with filaments 3–4 mm. long, pilose.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–3 mm. long; style 0.5–1 mm. long; stigmas ± 0.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit green to orange or rusty red, ovoid or usually ellipsoid, (2–)2.5–3.5(–4) cm. long, (1.5–)2–3.3 cm. wide, finely velvety when young; septa elliptic, longer than wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, 4.5–5 mm. diameter; hilum white, reniform or cordate, 3 mm. long, 3.5 mm. wide.
    Habitat
    Acacia - Commiphora etc. bushland and woodland, reaching to tops of Acacias, sometimes riverine, also scrub on rocky hills; 500–1500 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T3 U1 Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia to South Africa, pantropical

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Guyana

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, California, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., China South-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, India, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Marianas, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, Northern Provinces, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cardiospermum corindum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Spruce, R. [5189], Ecuador K000201235
    Borgeau, E. [467], Mexico K000074511 syntype
    Borgeau, E. [467], Mexico K000037467 syntype
    Wallich, N. [8032], Myanmar Cardiospermum canescens K000701885
    Wallich, N. [8032], Myanmar Cardiospermum canescens K000701886
    Wallich, N. [8031] Cardiospermum canescens K000701890
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8032], Myanmar Cardiospermum canescens K001128799
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8032], Myanmar Cardiospermum canescens K001128800
    Röttler, J.P. [s.n.] Cardiospermum canescens K000701887
    Röttler, J.P. [231] Cardiospermum canescens K000701889
    Röttler, J.P. [s.n.] Cardiospermum canescens K000701888
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8032] Cardiospermum canescens K001128798
    Spruce, R. [5189], Ecuador Cardiospermum loxense K000201236

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 526 (1762)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Monteiro de Barros, A.A., de Andrade Ribas, L. & Dunn Araujo, D.S. (2009). Trepadeiras do Parque Estadual da Serra do Tiririca, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Rodriguésia 60: 681-694.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Not accepted by

    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2015). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Volumen VIII. Dicotyledóneas (Sabiaceae-Zygophyllaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 131: 1-657. Missouri Botanical Garden. [Cited as Cardiospermum halicacabum.]
    • Nielsen, I.C. & al. (1992-1994). Flora Malesiana 11: 1-768. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta. [Cited as Cardiospermum halicacabum.]
    • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego. [Cited as Cardiospermum halicacabum.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • GBIF (2008-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 164 (1994).
    • Vollesen in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 497 (1990).
    • Fouilloy & Hallé in Fl. Cameroun 16: 19 (1973)
    • Fouilloy & Hallé in Fl. Gabon 23: 19 (1973).
    • Exell in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 509 (1966).
    • Exell & Mendonça, Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 75 (1954).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 339 (1952).
    • Radlk. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV, 165: 397 (1932).
    • L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2: 526 (1762).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/