Skip to main content

This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Habit
Small to medium-sized tree with low branching and spreading crown, height up to 20 m., or sometimes a shrub.
Bark
Bark brownish-grey or blackish with longitudinal fissures.
Branches
Branching very irregular with leaves borne mainly in terminal rosettes on dwarf shoots, the latter usually swollen and with rough scarring; young shoots glabrescent or pubescent with evanescent ferrugineous indumentum.
Petiole
Petioles l.5–12(–20) mm. long, glabrous or puberulous to pubescent especially when young.
Leaves
Leaf-lamina coriaceous, elliptic-obovate to obovate, l.5–6.5(–7.5) cm. long, 0.8–3 cm. wide, apex rounded, often emarginate, base broadly to narrowly cuneate, in which case usually decurrent with petiole, or rarely ± rounded (especially in very shortly petiolate leaves), glabrous or puberulous to ± pubescent mainly on lower surface especially in young leaves; lateral nerves ± 10–14 on each side, nervation lightly impressed on both surfaces.
Flowers
Flowers white to pale yellow, densely clustered in leaf axils.
Pedicel
Pedicels 6–13 mm. long, glabrous or with varying degrees of pubescence.
Calyx
Calyx-lobes ± free to base; outer lobes ± ovate, 2.5–4 mm. long, 1.5–3 mm. wide, glabrescent to densely pubescent; inner lobes similar in shape but slightly smaller and pubescent externally.
Corolla
Corolla-tube very short; lobes trifid; segments narrowly lanceolate or ligulate, 2–4 mm. long.
Stamens
Filaments 1.5–2 mm. long; anthers 1–2 mm. long.
Staminodes
Staminodes small, truncate, apex irregularly toothed, rarely with one tooth enlarged and filament-like.
Pistil
Ovary subglobose, shortly pilose, tapering at apex to a simple style, 2–3 mm. long.
Fruits
Fruit yellow when mature with crimson soft edible pulp, subglobose to ellipsoid, up to 1.8 cm. long, 1.3 cm. in diameter, glabrous, containing 1–3 seeds.
Seeds
Seeds dark brown, ellipsoid and compressed, up to 1.3 cm. long, 8 mm. wide; scar lateral, extending to base.
Habitat
Deciduous bushland and thickets, dry scrub with trees; 0–2100 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K7 T1 T3 T4 T5 T6 T8 extends northwards to Somali Republic (S.) and southwards through Mozambique, Zambia and Rhodesia to Natal, Botswana and Angola

[FZ]

Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Habit
Evergreen tree or large bush 3–20 m. tall, with rough dark bark and pendulous branches, said to spread by suckering.
Branches
Branching subterminal, strongly divaricate, often subverticillate; leaves densely clustered at stem apices which are then overtopped by younger branches.
Leaves
Leaves 1·8–9 x 1–3·4 cm., oblong, oblong–obovate or cordate, the apex rounded and emarginate, the base acute; petiole 1–10 mm. long. Upper leaf surface with midrib slightly raised and lateral veins level or impressed; lower surface with prominent midrib and veins level to strongly impressed; leaves often crispate–pubescent below and sometimes also sparsely pubescent above, patchily glabrescent.
Flowers
Flowers abundant, strongly scented, in fascicles of 3–4 per node; pedicels 5–7 mm. long.
Calyx
Calyx c. 3–5 mm. long, the sepals elliptic–ovate.
Corolla
Corolla 3·6–4 mm. long, greenish– or brownish–yellow; basal tube c. 0·4 mm. long; median and lateral segments ± equal in shape and size, narrowly elliptic.
Anthers
Anthers 1·3–1·9 mm. long.
Staminodes
Staminodes very variable even within a single flower, ranging in shape from a small triangular or ovate–dentate scale to a long narrow process exceeding the stamen.
Gynoecium
Gynoecium 2·8–3·6 mm. long.
Fruits
Fruit up to 18 mm. long when ripe, ellipsoid, yellow with red pulp, edible, 1–3–seeded.
Seeds
Seed 8–13 mm. long.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Habit
Small to medium-sized tree with low branching and spreading crown, up to 20 m high, or sometimes a shrub; milky latex not abundant, but usually present in young parts; bark brownish-grey or blackish with longitudinal fissures; branching very irregular with leaves borne mainly in terminal rosettes on spurs; young shoots pubescent with soon disappearing ferruginous indumentum
Leaves
Petiole 2–12(–20) mm long, glabrous or puberulous to pubescent especially when young; blade leathery, elliptic-obovate to obovate, 1.5–6.5(–7.5) x 0.8–3 cm, broadly to narrowly cuneate at the base, often decurrent on petiole, or rarely almost rounded, rounded or emarginate at the apex, glabrous or puberulous to pubescent mainly on lower surface when young; lateral nerves 10–14 on each side, nervation lightly impressed on both surfaces
Inflorescences
Flowers densely clustered in leaf axils; pedicels 6–13 mm long, glabrous to ± densely pubescent
Calyx
Calyx-lobes free almost to base; outer lobes ovate, 2.5–4 x 1.5–3 mm, glabrescent to densely pubescent; inner lobes similar in shape but slightly smaller and pubescent outside
Corolla
Corolla white to pale yellow; tube very short; lobes 3-fid, segments narrowly lanceolate or ligulate, 2–4 mm long
Filaments
Filaments 1.5–2 mm long; anthers 1–2 mm long
Staminodes
Staminodes small, truncate, irregularly toothed at the apex
Ovary
Ovary subglobose, shortly pilose, tapering at apex into simple 2-3 mm long style
Fruits
Fruit yellow when mature with crimson soft edible pulp, subglobose to ellipsoid, up to 1.8 x 1.3 cm, glabrous, 1–3-seeded
Seeds
Seeds dark brown, ellipsoid and compressed, c. 1.3 x 0.8 cm; scar lateral, extending to base.
Distribution
C1, 2; S1–3 Kenya, Tanzania, south through Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe to South Africa (Natal), Botswana and Angola.
Ecology
Altitude range 15–600 m.
Vernacular
Uanei, waney (Somali).

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Manilkara mochisia (Baker) Dubard appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 1956 Stuhlmann, F.L. [584], Tanzania K000883670 Unknown type material
Wild, H. [2748], Zimbabwe 11786.000
Kirk, J. 17422.000 Unknown type material
Kirk, J. [304], Mozambique K000901121 lectotype
Kirk, J. [s.n.], Zambia K000901122
Allen, C.E.F. [185], Zambia K000901123 holotype
s.coll. [2639], Zimbabwe K000901115 holotype
s.coll. [167] K000901120 lectotype
Macaulay, M.A. [1002], Zambia K000901119 holotype

First published in Ann. Mus. Colon. Marseille, sér. 3, 3: 26 (1915)

Accepted by

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Curtis, B. & Mannheimer, C. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia: 1-688. The National Botanical Research Institute, Windhoek.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Curtis, B. & Mannheimer, C. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia: 1-688. The National Botanical Research Institute, Windhoek.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by I. Friis [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • J. H. Hemsl. in Kew Bulletin 20: 483 (1966).
  • Meeuse in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 50, fig. 8 (1963).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 321 (1962).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 526 (1961).
  • Meeuse in Bothalia 7: 369, fig. 16 (1960).
  • Dubard in Ann. Mus. Col. Marseille, sér. 3, 3: 26 (1915).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0