1. Family: Sapotaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Vitellaria C.F.Gaertn.
      1. Vitellaria paradoxa C.F.Gaertn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda.

    [FTEA]

    Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Tree with stout bole and much-branched spreading crown, height up to 20 m.; bark usually grey or blackish, deeply fissured and splitting into squarish or rectangular corky scales.
    Shoots
    Short-shoots with conspicuous cycad-like annular leaf-base scars.
    Indumentum
    Young shoots, petioles and flower-buds with ferrugineous pubescence of varying density.
    Petiole
    Petioles long, one-third to half length of leaf-lamina.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina oblong to ovate-oblong, 10–25 cm. long, 4.5–14 cm. wide, rounded at apex, base acute to broadly cuneate, margin thickened and undulate; upper and lower surfaces of mature leaf glabrescent or puberulous; lateral nerves 20–30 each side, regularly and closely spaced, slightly arcuate.
    Flowers
    Flowers fragrant.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels up to 3 cm. long, puberulous to densely pubescent.
    Calyx
    Outer sepals lanceolate, 9–14 mm. long, 3.5–6 mm. wide, pubescent to ± floccose externally; inner sepals slightly smaller.
    Corolla
    Corolla cream; tube 2.5–4 mm. long, glabrous or pilose externally; lobes broadly ovate, 7–11 mm. long, 4.5–7 mm. wide.
    Stamens
    Filaments 7–12 mm. long; anthers ± lanceolate, up to 4.5 mm. long.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes up to 8 mm. long.
    Style
    Style 8–15 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Mature fruit greenish, up to 6.5 cm. long and 4.5 cm. in diameter, subglabrous or with pubescence persisting in small patches, containing a sweet pulp surrounding the seed.
    Seeds
    Seed up to 5 cm. long, 3.5 cm. in diameter.
    Figures
    Fig. 10.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Vitellaria paradoxa C.F.Gaertn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [4753], Cameroon K000746037
    Jan 1, 1998 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [4387], Burkina Faso K000391978
    Jan 1, 1998 Barter [721], Niger K000435336
    Jan 1, 1998 Barter [1178], Niger K000435335
    Raynal-Roques, A. [22356], Mali K000391981
    Leewenberg [4418] Butyrospermum paradoxum 59909.000
    s.coll. [s.n.], Burkina Faso Butyrospermum paradoxum K000391980

    First published in Suppl. Carp.: 131 (1807)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0