1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Bothriocline Oliv. ex Benth.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
     Perennial or rarely annual herbs, often with annual shoots from a woody rootstock, or shrubs; indument of flagelliform or asymmetric T-shaped hairs, with uniseriate multicellular stalks each bearing an elongate erect or eccentric terminal cell
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, opposite or mixed, or whorled, aromatic, variously serrate
    Capitulum
    Capitula rarely few, usually numerous in lax to often congested terminal and upper axillary compound corymbiform cymes; bracteoles usually inconspicuous; involucres hemispherical to narrowly obconic-cylindrical, phyllaries 3-5-seriate, the inner progressively longer than the outer, imbricate, usually darker and often pubescent centrally below the apex, with often conspicuous pale membranous margins fimbriate-pectinate towards the apex; receptacle plane or alveolate, rarely paleate
    Florets
    Florets little to rather conspicuously exserted from the involucre, with cylindrical tube and infundibuliform limb, glandular and in the lower part often sparsely pubescent, lobes 5, narrow, glabrous or rarely with a few hairs at the apex, purple, mauve, lilac, blue or white; anthers subacute at base, the distal appendage lanceolate; style distally hairy, the long arms also hairy
    Fruits
    Achenes brownish, prismatic or cylindrical, generally with 4-8 rounded ribs, usually glandular between the ribs, with or without a denticulate cartilaginous apical collar; pappus very caducous, of few short, slightly barbellate bristles, or absent.
    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, often suffrutescent with annual stems from a woody rootstock, or shrubs.
    Indumentum
    Vegetative indumentum consisting of flagelliform or ± asymmetric T-shaped hairs with uniseriate multicellular stalks each bearing an elongate erect or ± excentric terminal cell.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, opposite or opposite on lower stem and alternate above, or in whorls of 3, sessile or petiolate.
    Capitulum
    Capitula homogamous and discoid, usually small and few to numerous, laxly arranged or clustered in corymbiform cymes, or solitary.
    Involucre
    Involucre ± campanulate to cyathiform; phyllaries increasing in size to the inside, membranous or cartilaginous or somewhat scarious, usually with a distinct subhyaline margin.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle plane or alveolate, occasionally paleate on the outside.
    Corolla
    Corollas purple or mauve, regular, narrowly infundibuliform, with a deeply 5-lobed limb.
    Anthers
    Anthers lanceolate-appendiculate at the apex, subacute at the base, the connective ± slightly swollen near the base.
    Style
    Style arms linear-terete, hairy.
    Fruits
    Achenes subcylindric-angular not or hardly tapering above, apex ± truncate with a cupuliform depression, bluntly 3–6-angular and smooth or sparsely glandular between; or achenes narrowly obovoid-oblong, rounded above with a rimmed, shallow apical depression and with 4–5(8) low broad ribs separated by dark-brown gland-filled grooves; or achenes subcylindric-ellipsoid often somewhat curved, rounded to truncate above with a distinct apical cup or crenate cartilaginous rim, ± angular or narrowly 4–9-ribbed, glabrous or sparsely glandular between the ribs.
    Seeds
    Pappus of few very caducous barbellate setae, or pappus absent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Bothriocline Oliv. ex Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 12: 30, t. 1133 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bull.43: 257–266 (1988).
    • Wild & G.V. Pope in Kirkia 10: 317, 364 (1977).
    • in Hook., Ic. Pl.12: 30, t. 1133 (1876).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 218 (1994)
    • C. Jeffrey in K.B. 43: 257 (1988)
    • in Hook., Ic. Pl. 12: 30, t. 1133 (1877)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0