1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Brachylaena R.Br.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Shrubs or trees
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate or subsessile; blade pinnately veined, entire or toothed, subcoriaceous
    Capitulum
    Capitula unisexual, disciform, dioecious, in terminal or axillary racemoid or paniculoid thyrses, often ultimately ± clustered or in glomerules; phyllaries in 3 or more series, imbricate, the inner progressively longer than the outer; receptacle ± flat, naked
    Florets
    Florets with ± 2-lipped unequally 5-lobed corollas, unisexual Male florets with tubular corolla tube and long lobes; anthers exserted, tailed; style undivided or shortly bifid; ovary abortive, with reduced pappus Female florets with narrower corolla tube, narrow lobes and anthers reduced to free staminodes or absent; style exserted, arms ± oblong-linear, flat
    Male
    Male florets with tubular corolla tube and long lobes; anthers exserted, tailed; style undivided or shortly bifid; ovary abortive, with reduced pappus
    Female
    Female florets with narrower corolla tube, narrow lobes and anthers reduced to free staminodes or absent; style exserted, arms ± oblong-linear, flat
    Fruits
    Achenes ± pubescent; pappus of numerous barbellate bristles.
    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    Dioecious trees or shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate or subsessile, persistently tomentose or tomentellous on lower surface (in the Flora Zambesiaca area), entire or spinulose-denticulate or repand or coarsely dentate towards the apex.
    Synflorescence
    Synflorescences consisting of numerous capitula in terminal or axillary panicles or racemes, or capitula arranged in clusters or glomerules, capitula stalked or sessile.
    Capitulum
    Female capitula: corollas filiform, lobes 5 short; anthers 0, staminodes occasionally present; style branches exserted, short flat ovate-lanceolate; achenes subcylindric-fusiform, c. 8-ribbed, ± pubescent; pappus copious, consisting of barbellate setae in several series. Male capitula smaller than the female, corollas funnel-shaped, 5-lobed; anther thecae exserted, bases tailed; style terete, thickened above, bifid, exserted; ovary abortive or rudimentary; pappus sparse, 1-seriate, barbellate or subplumose. Capitula unisexual, disciform, several-many-flowered in the Flora Zambesiaca area; receptacle epaleate; phyllaries imbricate, the outermost series often extending onto the capitulum stalk.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Comoros, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Djibouti

    Brachylaena R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Observ. Compositae: 115 (1817)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Hilliard, Compos. Natal: 105–110 (1977).
    • Paiva in Bol. Soc. Brot. sér. 2, 46: 368–384 (1972).
    • Wild in Kirkia 7: 122–125 (1969).
    • E. Phillips & Schweick. in Bothalia 3: 205 (1937).
    • in Trans. Linn. Soc.12: 115 (1817).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 97 (1994)
    • Paiva in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2A, 46:368–384 (1972)
    • in Trans. Linn. Soc., Bot. 12: 115 (1817)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0