Skip to main content
  1. Family: Musaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Musa L.
      1. Musa mannii H.Wendl. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Arunachal Pradesh.

    [KBu]

    Häkkinen, M. & Väre, H. 2009. Typification of Musa mannii, M. sanguinea and M. x kewensis (Musaceae). Kew Bulletin 64: 559. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-009-9145-z

    Type
    Icon in Hooker (1893): Curtis’s Bot. Mag. 119: t. 7311 (neotype, designated here).
    Habit
    Plant slender, suckering freely, close to parent plant, to 5 suckers, position vertical; mature pseudostem 60 – 80 cm high and 4 – 5 cm in diam. at base, in appearance varying with amounts of dead brown sheaths, underlying colour light green with large purple-black blotches, shiny, sap watery
    Petiole
    Petiole 20 – 25 cm long, petiole canal margins straight with erect margins, petiole bases heavily corrugated and not clasping the pseudostem with sparse purple-black blotches; leaf habit drooping, lamina 60 – 80 × 18 – 20 cm, oblong, truncate at the apex, both sides green, corrugated, appearance shiny, no wax on either surface, leaf bases asymmetric, both sides rounded, midrib both sides red
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence the first erect then slightly curving, peduncle 15 – 18 cm long and 2 cm in diameter, velvety with short white hairs, red in colour, sterile red bract one, bracts persistent at the opening of the first female flowers
    Buds
    Male bud, lanceolate, 7 – 8 × 2.5 – 2.7 cm, bracts crimson on external side, paler crimson on internal side, no imbrications, not waxy, lifting 1 – 2 bracts at a time, not revolute before falling, the whole bud aborting before fruits mature; male flowers to 2 per bract in 1 row, falling with the bract, compound tepal 3.6 – 3.8 cm long, orange-yellow in colour with 5-toothed orange apex, the central lobes smaller than the outer lobes, free tepal as long as compound tepal, translucent white, oval, with a short orange acumen, stamens 5, dark brown to black, light green style with stigma dark brown to black, anthers and style exserted, ovary straight, pale yellow, without pigmentation Female bud lanceolate, 12 – 14 × 3.5 – 4 cm, bracts crimson on external and pale crimson on internal side, no imbrications, not waxy, lifting several bracts at a time, not revolute; basal flowers hermaphrodite, 1 – 3 per bract, 3 hands, ovary light green 2.5 – 3 cm long, arrangements of ovules in two rows per locule; compound tepal 3.8 – 4 cm long, orange-yellow in colour with 5-toothed orange apex, free tepal as long as compound tepal, translucent white, oval, with a short orange acumen, stamens 5, dark brown to black, light green style with stigma
    Fruits
    Fruit bunch lax, with 3 hands and 1 – 3 fruits per hand on average, in 1 row, fingers perpendicular to the stalk, individual fruit to 5.5 – 6 cm long, straight, angular, immature fruit peel colour light green, becoming yellow at maturity
    Seeds
    Seeds black, irregularly depressed, to 4 – 5 mm in diam., 20 – 30 seeds per fruit
    Distribution
    India: Assam. Widely cultivated in botanic gardens.
    Ecology
    Musa mannii has either become very rare or is already extinct in the wild.
    Conservation
    If Musa mannii still exists in its natural habitat it must be considered Critically Endangered (CR) (IUCN 2001).
    Note
    Musa mannii has the special characteristic of hermaphrodite basal flowers which produce seeds without pollination. During the past few years the plants and seeds have been offered in horticultural markets. The updated description is based on living specimens at the University of Helsinki Botanic Garden. The first author has also studied living specimens in Kew, Utrecht University Botanic Gardens, Belgium National Botanic Garden at Meise, Orotava Botanic Garden, Tenerife, Huntington Botanical Garden, California and Missouri Botanical Garden.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    East Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Jawa

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Musa mannii H.Wendl. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 6: 263 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Häkkinen, M. & Väre, H. (2008). Typification and check-list of Musa L. names (Musaceae) with nomenclatural notes Adansonia, III, 30: 63-112.
    • Häkkinen, M. (2005). Ornamental bananas: notes on the section Rhodochlamys (Musaceae) Folia Malaysiana 6: 49-72.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Albano, P.-O. (2003). La Conaissance des Plantes Exotiques: 1-324. Édisud, Aix-en-Provence.

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0