1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Alectra Thunb.
      1. Alectra orobanchoides Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: South Africa, near Durban, Drège s.n. (K!, holo.)
    Habit
    Annual herb 8–45 cm high.
    Stem
    Stems often dark crimson to purple-red, erect, simple, but with several branches arising from near the base, terete with ridges, puberulous to ± glabrous.
    Roots
    Roots and basal part of stem orange
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or alternate, sessile, somewhat reduced, embracing the stem or spreading, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 4–10(–15) mm long, 2–5(–7) mm wide, base shortly cuneate, apex acute to obtuse, margins entire to shortly toothed, puberulous to hispid to hispid-scabrid on both surfaces, the larger leaves with 5 veins, obscure in smaller leaves
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of terminal racemes, flowers solitary in the axils of leaflike bracts, usually in the upper half of stems, but also whole stem floriferous; bracts lanceolate to linear-oblong, 3–6 mm long, entire; bracteoles linear, 2–5 mm, acute, shortly ciliate, ± hispid; pedicels 2.5–3 mm, puberulous
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 4–6 mm long, veins clear, puberulous to hispid; lobes purple tinged, triangular, 2–3 mm, obtuse, ciliate
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow to orange with red-brown to purple veins, 8–12 mm long, lobed above with subequal rounded lobes, lobes often thickened on the margins, scabrid
    Stamens
    Stamens ± unequal; filaments hairy; anthers not apiculate
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid to subglobose, 4.5–6(–9) mm long, 3–6 mm in diameter, glabrous.
    Ecology
    Grassland, woodland, montane scrub, rocky outcrops, lowland and fringe forest, river banks, plantations; 50–2000 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); widespread and common
    Note
    A widespread and variable species, with several species recognized by various authors based on Hemsley’s treatment in F.T.A. I (S.A.G.) have followed Philcox (in F.Z.) using a broad species concept.
    Distribution
    Range: Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Flora districts: U1 U3 K1 K3 K7 T2 T3 T4 T5 T8
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Erect herb, 10–45 cm. tall; stems branched from or near to base, or simple, shortly hispid-pubescent to subglabrous, rarely not drying black.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3.5–9(13) x (1)1.5–2 mm., appressed to subappressed or spreading, opposite or alternate, lanceolate, lanceolate-oblong to ovate-oblong, acute or obtuse, entire to crenate or remotely shortly toothed, sessile throughout, hispid or hispid-scabrid.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in axils of leaves or leaf-like bracts, pedicellate; pedicels 1–1.5 mm. long.
    Bracts
    Bracts leaf-like 3–6.5 x 1–2 mm., linear to oblong, hispid-pubescent.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles 2–4(5) x 0.25–1 mm., linear to filiform, shortly ciliate to glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–6(7) mm. long, shortly hispid; lobes 1.5–2(3) mm. long, broadly triangular, obtuse, margin frequently thickened and scabrid.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow to orange, dark purple striated, longer than calyx, lobes rounded.
    Stamens
    Stamens unequal; filaments slightly to heavily bearded; anthers obtuse, not apiculate.
    Fruits
    Capsule 4–6.5(9) x 3.25–6 mm., broadly ovoid to subglobose, glabrous.
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Alectra orobanchoides Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2013 Dinter, M.K. [552], Namibia K001081860 Unknown type material
    Oct 16, 2008 Crawford, F. [133], Namibia K000450280
    Dec 1, 1986 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000405203 Unknown type material
    Galpin, E.E. [847], South Africa K000405331
    Bidgood, S. [5756], Tanzania K000468668
    Burke [414], South Africa K000405333 Unknown type material
    Burke [414], South Africa K000405336 Unknown type material
    Burke [238], South Africa K000405332 Unknown type material
    Burke [238], South Africa K000405334
    Drège [s.n.], South Africa K000405329
    Drège [s.n.], South Africa K000405330
    MacOwan, P. [406], South Africa K000405335
    Welwitsch [5812], Angola Alectra welwitschii K000405205 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7626], Tanzania Alectra kirkii 24420.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10025], Tanzania Alectra kirkii 31119.000
    Greenway, P.J. [10484], Tanzania Alectra kirkii 26305.000
    Holst, C. [2803], Tanzania Alectra kilimandjarica K000405209
    Volkens, G. [325], Tanzania Alectra kilimandjarica K000405210
    Faulkner, H.G. [A216], Angola Alectra parvifolia K001009042
    Faulkner, H.G. [A293], Angola Alectra parvifolia K001009043
    Bamps, P. [4476], Angola Alectra parvifolia K001009041
    Marloth, R. [1273], South Africa Alectra parvifolia K000405326

    First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 340 (1846)

    Accepted by

    • Kliment, J., Turis, P. & Janišová, M. (2016). Taxa of vascular plants endemic to the Carpathian Mts Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 88: 19-76.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F.Z.: 8(2): 92 (1990).
    • DC., Prodr. 10: 340 (1846)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0