1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Alectra Thunb.
      1. Alectra parasitica A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Ethiopia and S. Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Ethiopia, Tacazze Valley, Schimper 1464 (P!, holo.; K!, iso.)
    Habit
    Annual herb 6–30 cm high.
    Stem
    Stems erect, slender, simple or with several branches arising from near the base, puberulous.
    Roots
    Roots orange-yellow
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite to alternate, few and scale-like, thick, embracing the stem, sessile, ovate-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 4–10 mm long, 2–5 mm wide, apex acute to obtuse, base shortly cuneate,  margins entire, veins obscure in dried specimens, puberulous to hispid on both surfaces
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of terminal racemes; flowers solitary in the axils of leaflike bracts in upper half of stems; bracts linear-lanceolate, 3–4 mm long, entire; bracteoles linear, ± 2 mm, acute, hispid; pedicels 1.5–2 mm, puberulous
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 5–6 mm long, puberulous to hispid, veins obscure in dried specimens; lobes triangular, 3.5–4 mm, acute, margins often thickened, scabrid
    Corolla
    Corolla orange with crimson red to purplish veins, 10–15 mm, lobed above with subequal rounded lobes
    Stamens
    Stamens ± unequal; filaments glabrous; anthers not apiculate
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose, 4.5–6 mm long and wide, glabrous.
    Ecology
    Grassland, Brachystegia woodland, Acacia bushland, swamps; 1200–1500 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); common and widespread
    Distribution
    Range: Ethiopia, Somalia, Zambia, Malawi, SW Arabia Flora districts: U1 K1 K2 K3 K6 T2 T3 T5 T7
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Erect, (7)18–32 cm. tall; stems simple or branched, shortly pubescent to subglabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 5.5–7.5(17) x 1.5–2.5(4) mm., thick, spreading, subopposite to alternate, lanceolate-oblong, acute, remotely short-toothed, sessile, hispid to hispid-scabrid.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in axils of leaf-like bracts, shortly pedicellate; pedicels 1–1.5 mm. long.
    Bracts
    Bracts 2.5–6 x 0.5–1 mm., linear-lanceolate, hispid.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles 1.5–3 x 0.2–0.75 mm., linear to filiform, shortly ciliate.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3.5–6.5 mm., shortly hispid-pubescent to glabrous; lobes 1.5–3 mm. long, broadly triangular, shortly hispid-ciliate.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow to orange with purplish venation, lobes subequal, rounded.
    Stamens
    Stamens subequal; filaments short, glabrous; anthers unequal, not apiculate.
    Fruits
    Capsule 4.5–6.5 x 5–6.5 mm., subspherical.
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Alectra parasitica A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1990 Schimper [1464], Ethiopia K000405217 Unknown type material
    Kenya 48095.000
    Yemen 51736.000
    Greenway, P.J. [9728], Kenya 1114.000
    Ash [1197], Ethiopia 33431.000
    Ash [1111], Ethiopia 37452.000
    Schimper [1464], Ethiopia K000405218 Unknown type material

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 117 (1850)

    Accepted by

    • Kliment, J., Turis, P. & Janišová, M. (2016). Taxa of vascular plants endemic to the Carpathian Mts Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 88: 19-76.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 288 (2006).
    • Thulin (ed.), Fl. Somal.: 3: 284 (2006)
    • U.K.W.F.: 258, pl. 111 (1994)
    • F.Z.: 8(2): 92 (1990)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 366 (1906)
    • Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 117 (1850)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0