1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Alectra Thunb.
      1. Alectra picta (Hiern) Hemsl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Erect annual, 15–45 cm. tall, branched; stems straight, stout to flexuous, patent-hispid, floriferous in upper part of stem, not generally throughout.
    Leaves
    Leaves or leaf-like bracts spreading, opposite or opposite or nearly so, 8–20(35) x 2–9 mm., elliptic to linear or linear-lanceolate, obtuse to rounded, entire to crenate or with two small teeth, lower shortly petiolate, hispid.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in axils of leaf-like bracts, pedicellate.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 1–5(7) mm. long.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles linear, shorter than bracts, subglabrous to shortly hispid.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–7(8) mm. long, campanulate, shortly hispid; lobes 1.5–3.5(5) mm. long, subequal, broadly triangular, obtuse, shortly hisute on margin, of ten densely so.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow with purplish veins, much longer than calyx.
    Stamens
    Stamens subequal; filaments all bearded, at times densely so; anthers not apiculate.
    Fruits
    Capsule about 4.5(9) x 4.5(9) mm., globose to broadly ovoid.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Angola, Huilla, Welwitsch 5799 (LISC, holo.; BM, K!, iso.)
    Habit
    Annual herb 10–35 cm high.
    Stem
    Stems erect, simple or with several branches arising from the base or above, angular, with furrows, densely pilose to hispid with patent hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves or leaf-like bracts opposite to alternate, spreading, ovate to lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 5–10 mm long, 2–5 mm wide, sessile or leaf base narrowing into a short petiole, apex acute to subacute, margins entire in the apical half, and with 1–2 coarse or obscure teeth on each side, pilose to hispid on both surfaces, 3-veined
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of terminal racemes, flowers solitary in the axils of leaf-like bracts in upper part of the stems; bracts linear to linear-lanceolate, 5–8 mm long, with 1–3 prominent veins, usually entire; bracteoles linear, ± 3 mm, acute, hispid
    Pedicel
    Pedicel 2–2.5 mm, hispid-pilose
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 6–7 mm long, 10-veined, hispid; lobes triangular, 3–3.5 mm, acute, pilose-ciliate
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow to deep yellow, 12–14 mm, lobed above with subequal rounded lobes
    Stamens
    Stamens ± unequal; filaments bearded; anthers not apiculate
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose, 5–7 mm long and wide, glabrous.
    Ecology
    Riverine Brachystegia woodland, and amongst shrubs and sedges at edges of river; 30–1000 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern, (LC); recorded only from a few specimens from the Flora region but not at threat as far as is known; elsewhere common
    Distribution
    Range: Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana Flora districts: K7 T6 T7 T8
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Cowpea witchweed

    Alectra picta (Hiern) Hemsl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Welwitsch [5799], Angola K000405365 Unknown type material

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 4(2): 368 (1906)

    Accepted by

    • Kliment, J., Turis, P. & Janišová, M. (2016). Taxa of vascular plants endemic to the Carpathian Mts Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 88: 19-76.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Not accepted by

    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps. [Cited as Alectra vogelii.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F.Z.: 8(2): 91 (1990).
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 368 (1906)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/