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This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to Brazil.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: Brazil, Ceara, Gardner 1795 (K!, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb 40–60 cm high, viscid-pubescent throughout.
Morphology Stem
Stems several, simple, ± quadrangular
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear to narrowly linear-ovate, 3–9 cm long, 5–9(–14) mm wide, sessile, ± cuneate at base, very acute at apex, margins shallowly serrate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts similar to leaves diminishing in size upwards, longer than the pedicels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1–2 cm long, curved in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers blue-purple, with white throat, usually 2 in each upper axil
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± 4 mm long, 5-lobed, lobes ± equal, acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 2-lipped, ± 1 cm long and 2 cm across, with small glands all over; lobes 5, ± equal; lower lip with a central cavity and thrust forward.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style and stigma glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule rotund, ± 5 mm in diameter
Figures
Fig 4, p 17
Ecology
Waste and disturbed land, near streams; ± 950 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC)
Note
This species has been misidentified as A. salicariifolia Humb. & Bonpl., A. goyazensis Benth. and A. grandiflora Morren.
Distribution
Range: South Africa, Madagascar, Reunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues. Apparently introduced recently, but now naturalised. Native to Brazil, now widely cultivated and often naturalized throughout tropical Asia and parts of tropical Africa Flora districts: T3

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Colombia

[FTEA]
Use
None recorded on specimens from our area

Native to:

Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Guyana

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Borneo, Cook Is., Fiji, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Pitcairn Is., Rodrigues, Réunion, Society Is., Tokelau-Manihiki, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu

Angelonia biflora Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 26, 2003 PPI [4352], Philippines K000183458
Aug 26, 2003 Chantaranothai [1129], Thailand K000183459
Jan 1, 1981 Gardner [1795], Ceará K000528897 holotype
Lemos, J.R. [133], Brazil K001047749
Drouet, F. [2600], Brazil K001047755
Luetzelberg, P. [27077], Brazil K001047752
Gardner [s.n.], Brazil K000528898
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [1049], Brazil K001047748
Sandeman, C. [2238], Brazil K001047753
Ule, E. [9107], Brazil K001047754
Glaziou, A. [6811], Brazil K001047751
Lima, N. [39], Brazil K001047750
Gardner [1795], Ceará K000528899 isotype

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 254 (1846)

Accepted by

  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hallé, N. (1983). Végétation de l'île Rurutu et additions au catalogue de la flore des îles Australes Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 5(2): 141-150.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
  • Hallé, N. (1983). Végétation de l'île Rurutu et additions au catalogue de la flore des îles Australes Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 5(2): 141-150.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • DC., Prodr. 10: 254 (1846)
  • Fl. Masc. 129: 5 (2000).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0