1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Angelonia Bonpl.
      1. Angelonia biflora Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to Brazil.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Brazil, Ceara, Gardner 1795 (K!, holo.)
    Habit
    Perennial herb 40–60 cm high, viscid-pubescent throughout.
    Stem
    Stems several, simple, ± quadrangular
    Leaves
    Leaves linear to narrowly linear-ovate, 3–9 cm long, 5–9(–14) mm wide, sessile, ± cuneate at base, very acute at apex, margins shallowly serrate
    Bracts
    Bracts similar to leaves diminishing in size upwards, longer than the pedicels.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 1–2 cm long, curved in fruit
    Flowers
    Flowers blue-purple, with white throat, usually 2 in each upper axil
    Calyx
    Calyx ± 4 mm long, 5-lobed, lobes ± equal, acuminate
    Corolla
    Corolla 2-lipped, ± 1 cm long and 2 cm across, with small glands all over; lobes 5, ± equal; lower lip with a central cavity and thrust forward.
    Style
    Style and stigma glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule rotund, ± 5 mm in diameter
    Figures
    Fig 4, p 17
    Ecology
    Waste and disturbed land, near streams; ± 950 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC)
    Note
    This species has been misidentified as A. salicariifolia Humb. & Bonpl., A. goyazensis Benth. and A. grandiflora Morren.
    Distribution
    Range: South Africa, Madagascar, Reunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues. Apparently introduced recently, but now naturalised. Native to Brazil, now widely cultivated and often naturalized throughout tropical Asia and parts of tropical Africa Flora districts: T3
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Guyana

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Borneo, Cook Is., Fiji, Kenya, Madagascar, Marquesas, Mauritius, Pitcairn Is., Rodrigues, Réunion, Society Is., Tokelau-Manihiki, Vanuatu

    Angelonia biflora Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1981 Gardner [1795], Ceará K000528897 holotype
    Gardner [s.n.], Brazil K000528898
    Gardner [1795], Ceará K000528899 isotype
    Ule, E. [9107], Brazil K001047754
    Drouet, F. [2600], Brazil K001047755
    Sandeman, C. [2238], Brazil K001047753
    Cid Ferreira, C.A. [1049], Brazil K001047748
    Glaziou, A. [6811], Brazil K001047751
    Lemos, J.R. [133], Brazil K001047749
    Lima, N. [39], Brazil K001047750
    Luetzelberg, P. [27077], Brazil K001047752

    First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 254 (1846)

    Accepted by

    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Masc. 129: 5 (2000).
    • DC., Prodr. 10: 254 (1846)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0