1. Family: Scrophulariaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anticharis Endl.
      1. Anticharis arabica Endl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mauritania, E. Egypt to N. Kenya, Socotre, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Syntypes: Yemen, Mts Sidr & Kasr,Geddae, S. Fischer 17 & near Ferihe, Schimper 748 (M; syn.)
    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 20 cm high, simple or with a few branches, glandularpubescent throughout
    Leaves
    Leaves lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 1–3.5 cm long, ± 2 mm wide, sessile, base attenuate, apex acute, margins entire
    Flowers
    Flowers blue with white throat, solitary; pedicels 8–12 mm long, with a pair of subulate bracteoles 1–2 mm long, inserted at or below the middle of the pedicel
    Calyx
    Calyx deeply divided, lobes ± 3 mm long, joined only at the base, linear
    Corolla
    Corolla tube 8–10 mm long; lobes blue with darker veins, ± 2 mm long, rounded at the apex.
    Anthers
    Anthers free or ± cohering, ciliate.
    Style
    Style as long as the corolla tube.
    Stigma
    Stigma slightly bifid
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, 7–8 mm long, acutely beaked, dehiscing into 4 segments, minutely pubescent
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong, 1 mm long, longitudinally ridged, minutely striated.
    Ecology
    In deserts; ± 400 m
    Conservation
    Not much material from Kenya; possibly at threat from over-grazing and habitat degradation in the Flora area, but not uncommon elsewhere; assessed as of Least Concern (LC)
    Note
    A short-lived annual in dry desertic areas, here at its southernmost limit in northern Kenya; apparently not common but perhaps overlooked.
    Distribution
    Range: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Arabia, Socotra Flora districts: K1

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Algeria

    Native to:

    Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Gulf States, Kenya, Mauritania, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

    Anticharis arabica Endl. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in S.L.Endlicher & E.Fenzl., Nov. Stirp. Dec.: 23 (1839)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Thulin (ed.), Fl. Somal.: 3: 268 (2006).
    • Miller & Morris, Ethnofl. Soqotra Archipel.: 679 (2004)
    • Wood, Handb. Fl. Yemen: 260 (1997)
    • Nov. Stirp. Dec.: 23 (1839)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0