1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Gerardiina Engl.
      1. Gerardiina angolensis Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Burundi to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Herb 35–80 cm. tall.
    Stem
    Stems subquadrangular, minutely hispid to subglabrous, sulcate.
    Leaves
    Leaves erect or appressed to stem (2.5)6–11 x 0.25–1.9 cm., linear-lanceolate, obtuse or rarely subacute at apex, sessile decurrent at base, 3–5-nerved, scabrid above, subglabrous beneath except scabrid on prominent nerves, much exceeding internodes.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes (5)10–20 cm. long; flowers numerous.
    Bracts
    Bracts 5–8.5 mm. long, cordate, broadly ovate, somewhat connate, glabrous.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 4–14 mm. long, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–8 mm. long, obscurely nerved, glandular-punctate; lobes 1.5–3 mm. long, broadly ovate-deltate, obtuse, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla pink to purple or blue, or occasionally white, 18–30 mm. long, externally glabrous, pubescent within especially at base; lobes subequal, occasionally upper 2 clearly smaller.
    Style
    Style 16–18 mm. long, arcuate above, equalling or slightly exceeding longer stamens, base persistent in fruit.
    Fruits
    Capsule 7–8 x 5–6.5 mm.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Angola, Malange district, by the Lopollo and Humpata streams, Welwitsch 5846 (B†, holo.; K!, iso.)
    Habit
    Herb 35–80 cm tall.
    Stem
    Stems simple, subquadrangular, minutely hispid to subglabrous, sulcate, blackening on drying
    Leaves
    Leaves erect or appressed to stem, linearlanceolate, (2.5–)6–11 cm long, 0.3–1.9 cm wide, sessile, decurrent at base, apex obtuse or rarely subacute, margins entire, 3-5-veined, scabrid above, subglabrous beneath, except scabrid on prominent veins, much exceeding internodes.  Racemes (5–)10–20 cm long; flowers numerous; bracts cordate to broadly ovate, 5–8.5 mm long, somewhat connate, glabrous; pedicels 4–14 mm long, glabrous
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–8 mm long, obscurely veined, glandular-punctate; lobes broadly ovate-deltate, 1.5–3 mm long, obtuse, glabrous
    Corolla
    Corolla pink to purple or blue, or occasionally white, 18–30 mm long, externally glabrous, pubescent within especially at base; lobes subequal, occasionally upper 2 clearly smaller
    Style
    Style 16–18 mm long, arcuate above, equalling or slightly exceeding longer stamens, base persistent in fruit
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, 7–8 mm long, 5–6.5 mm in diameter
    Figures
    Fig 49, p 190
    Ecology
    River and steam banks, wet grasslands, grassy hillsides, and open forests; 350–2500 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC), widespread but known from only a few locations in Tanzania
    Distribution
    Range: Only collected from the above locations in Tanzania, Congo-Kinshasa, Burundi, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa Flora districts: T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Gerardiina angolensis Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gossweiler, J. [1279], Angola K000425542
    Gossweiler, J. [3844], Angola K001009060
    Faulkner, H.G. [A254], Angola K001009059
    Welwitsch [5846], Angola K000425541
    Pearson, H.H.W. [2045], Angola K001009058
    Henriques, C. [970], Angola K001009057
    Patel, H. [7329], Mozambique K000613591
    Timberlake, J. [5044], Mozambique K000613423

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23: 507 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F.Z. (8)2: 156, t. 52 (1990).
    • Cribb & Leedal, Mount. Fl. S Tanz.: 119, pl. 29B (1982)
    • Fl. Cap. 4(2): 378 (1904)
    • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 770 (1898)
    • E.J. 23: 507, t. 10 g–m (1897)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0