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  1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Limnophila R.Br.
      1. Limnophila bangweolensis (R.E.Fr.) Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & S. Tanzania to Botswana.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Zambia, Lake Bangweulu, R.E. Fries 895 (UPS, holo.)
    Habit
    Aquatic annual or perennial.
    Stem
    Stems up to 50 cm long, simple or branched towards apex, aerial part densely crisped white glandular-hirsute, submerged part glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves on aerial stem opposite becoming verticillate, sessile, broadly ovate, suborbicular or oblong, 6–13 mm long, 5–11 mm wide, densely glandular-hirsute, becoming glabrous below depending on degree of immersion, serrate-dentate with thickened margins, subamplexicaul, revolute, 3–5 parallel-veined; submerged leaves at base of aerial stem becoming laciniate to occasionally capillary-multifid; finely divided leaves with capillary segments, usually borne on sterile totally submerged stems, dying off before maturity of aerial stem
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile to subsessile, bracteate, in densely flowered spikes, or occasionally solitary, axillary
    Bracts
    Bracts reduced, leaflike; bracteoles 2, ± 3.5 mm long, linear, glandular-hirsute
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–6 mm long, glandularhirsute, not striate at maturity; lobes 3 mm long, narrowly lanceolate-acuminate
    Corolla
    Corolla white, pale-pink, lilac to mauve-pink, 5–14 mm long, ?externally glabrous; adaxial lip broad emarginate; abaxial lip 3-lobed, lobes broadly ovate; tube with finely clavaculate papillae within
    Stamens
    Stamens with posterior filaments 2 mm long, anterior 3.8–4 mm long, glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule compressed ovoid, ± 3 mm long, black.
    Ecology
    Wet boggy grasslands in shallow, standing or slow running water; 1000–1400 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC)
    Distribution
    Range: Zambia Flora districts: T4 T8
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Amphibious annual.
    Stem
    Stems to 50 cm. tall, simple or branched towards apex, aerial part densely white crisped glandular-hirsute, submerged part glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves on aerial stem opposite becoming verticillate, sessile, 6–13 x 5–11 mm., broadly ovate, subcircular or oblong, densely glandular-hirsute, becoming glabrous below dependent on degree of immersion, serrate-dentate with thickened margin, somewhat amplexicaul, revolute, with 3–5 parallel nerves; submerged leaves at base of aerial stem becoming laciniate to occasionally capillary-multifid; finely divided leaves with capillary segments, usually borne on sterile totally submerged stems, dying off before maturity of aerial stem.
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile to sub-sessile, bracteate, in densely flowered spikes, or occasionally solitary-axillary; bracts reduced, leaflike; bracteoles two, c. 3.5 mm. long, linear, glandular-hirsute.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–6 mm. long, glandular-hirsute, not striate at maturity; lobes 3 mm. long, narrowly lanceolate-acuminate.
    Corolla
    Corolla 5–14 mm. long, white, pale pink, lilac to mauve-pink; adaxial lip broad emarginate; abaxial lip trilobed, lobes broadly ovate; tube with finely clavellate papillae within, glabrous without.
    Stamens
    Stamens with posterior filaments 2 mm. long, anterior, 3.75–4 mm. long, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Capsule about 3 mm. long, compressed ovoid, black.
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Limnophila bangweolensis (R.E.Fr.) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10845], Tanzania 23756.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7941], Zambia 3461.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 5: 379 (1950 publ. 1951)

    Accepted by

    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fischer, F.A.C. Scrophulariaceae: 54 (1999).
    • F.Z.: 8 (2): 47, t. 18 (1990)
    • K.B. 5: 379 (1950)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0