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  1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Limnophila R.Br.
      1. Limnophila barteri Skan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to S. Tanzania and Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Lectotype: Nigeria, without further locality, Barter 751 (K!, chosen by Philcox in K.B. (1970))
    Habit
    Semi-aquatic annual; aerial stems up to 40 cm tall, sparsely branched, densely short, white, patent hirsute above to glabrescent below; submerged stems up to 20 cm long, sparsely branched, glabrous, usually sterile
    Leaves
    Leaves on aerial stem verticillate near base to opposite above, ovate-elliptic, 10–18 mm long, 6–9 mm long, sessile, subamplexicaul, margins crenate-serrate, shortly hirsute, densely and minutely punctate, 3–7 parallel-veined; submerged leaves capillary-pinnatifid, up to 18 mm long, glabrous
    Flowers
    Flowers either sessile in axils of leaf-like bracts or in slender, distantly flowered spikes; bracteoles 2, ± 2 mm long, linear, subacute, densely pilose
    Calyx
    Calyx 2.5–3 mm long, densely pilose with round yellowish glands, not striate at maturity; lobes ± 1.25 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, divergent
    Corolla
    Corolla tube pale-pink to white, limb white 3–4 mm long, totally glabrous; abaxial lip 3-lobed, lobes entire; adaxial lip erect, entire
    Stamens
    Stamens with posterior filaments ± 0.4 mm long, anterior 1 mm long, glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule broadly ovoid, ± 2 mm long, pale brown.
    Ecology
    Riversides and bogs in wet grasslands, surrounding rice fields; 750–1000 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC), but known from a single gathering in Tanzania
    Distribution
    Range: Senegal, Mali, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic and Zambia Flora districts: T8
    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect or semi-aquatic herb 1-2 ft. high
    Indumentum
    Viscid hairs
    Flowers
    Flower white.
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Semi-aquatic annual.
    Stem
    Stems: aerial stem to 40 cm. long, sparsely branched, densely short, white, patent hirsute above to glabrescent below; submerged stem up to 20 cm. long, sparsely branched, glabrous, usually sterile.
    Leaves
    Leaves on aerial stem verticillate near base to opposite above, 10–18 mm. long, 6–9 mm., ovate-elliptic, sessile, somewhat amplexicaul, crenate-serrate, shortly hirsute, densely, minutely punctate, with 3–7 parallel nerves; submerged leaves up to 18 mm. long, capillary-pinnatifid, glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers either sessile in axils of leaf-like bracts or in slender, distantly flowered spikes; bracteoles two, about 2 mm. long, linear, sub-acute, densely pilose.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2.5–3 mm. long, densely pilose and with round yellowish glands, not striate at maturity; lobes about 1.25 mm. long, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, divergent.
    Corolla
    Corolla 3–4 mm. long, tube pale pink to white, limb white; totally glabrous; abaxial lip trilobed, lobes entire, adaxial lip erect, entire.
    Stamens
    Stamens with posterior filaments about 0.4 mm. long, anterior 1 mm. long, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Capsule about 2 mm. long, broadly ovoid, pale brown.
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre

    Other Data

    Limnophila barteri Skan appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1967 Scott Elliot, G.F. [5032] K000379581 syntype
    Jan 1, 1967 Barter [751], Nigeria K000379580 lectotype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10846], Tanzania 27070.000

    Bibliography

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 4(2): 317 (1906)

    Accepted by

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 68.
    • Chev. Bot. 470
    • in F.T.A. 4, 2: 317 (1906)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fischer, F.A.C. Scrophulariaceae: 52, pl. 18 (1999).
    • Opera Bot. 59: 77 (1980)
    • K.B. 24: 127 (1970)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 357 (1963), excl. L. fluviatilis Chev. et formae
    • Berhaut, Fl. Senegal: 68 (1954)
    • A. Chev., Expl. Bot. Afr. Occ. Fr. 1: 470 (1921)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 317 (1906)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0