1. Family: Scrophulariaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rhabdotosperma Hartl
      1. Rhabdotosperma brevipedicellata (Engl.) Hartl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to E. Central & E. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Tanzania, Kilimanjaro [Kilimandscharo], Meyer 286 (B†, holo.). Neotype: Tanzania, Kilimanjaro, SE of Bismark hut, Bigger 2012 (K!, chosen here)
    Habit
    Biennial herb, somewhat woody at the base, 0.6–2.5 m high.
    Stem
    Stems almost glabrous to densely floccose, often tinged deep red
    Leaves
    Lower leaves petiolate, petiole 1–2.5 cm long; blade simple or occasionally with small pinnate lobes on the petiole, oblonglanceolate, 3–12 cm long, 1.5–4 cm wide, obtuse to acute, truncate at the base, ± glabrous or pubescent above, pubescent or floccose beneath, margins biserrate; upper leaves ± sessile, sometimes with base clasping
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence simple or sparingly branched; bracts lanceolate, 3–5(–12) mm long, sessile, serrate; pedicels in fruit 1.3–2.5 cm long, ± glandular-pubescent
    Calyx
    Calyx deeply divided, 5–6 mm long in fruit, 2/3 as long as the mature capsule
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow with purple streaks at centre, about 2 cm diameter
    Stamens
    Stamens reddish-purple bearded; anthers orange; style purplish
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, 6–8 mm, glabrous
    Seeds
    Seeds striate
    Figures
    Fig 3, p 15
    Ecology
    Margins of upland forest and rocky montane grassland; 1200–3600(–4100) m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); common and widespread
    Note
    This is an extremely variable species; field studies would be necessary to study the morphological variations (if constant) amongst populations. With the material that I (S.A.G.) have studied, it is difficult to recognise the species (and even less the infraspecific ranks) that have been described around this species.
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T6
    [FTEA]
    Use
    An important medicinal herb whose dried leaves mixed with water are used to prevent (cure) kwashiorkor and fresh leaves used to help with afterbirth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Rhabdotosperma brevipedicellata (Engl.) Hartl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 2005 Bigger, M. [2012], Tanzania Verbascum brevipedicellatum K000411056 neotype
    Fries, R.E. [458], Kenya Verbascum brevipedicellatum K000411057

    First published in Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 53: 58 (1977)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0