1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Rhamphicarpa Benth.
      1. Rhamphicarpa fistulosa (Hochst.) Benth.

        This species is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical and Africa..

    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect much-branched glabrous herb a few inches to 2 ft. high, half-woody below
    Roots
    Fibrous roots
    Flowers
    Flowers white, rarely yellow
    Ecology
    In swamps and damp places in savanna
    Note
    Drying black.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Sudan, Cordofan, Kotschy 77b (W, holo.; BM, K!, iso.)
    Habit
    Annual herb 5–50 cm or more high, simple or with a few lateral branches, mainly from near the base
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnatisect, (0.5–)1–6(–10) cm long; segments 2–7, filiform, 3–9 mm long, less than 1 mm broad
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary; bracteoles 1–5(–7) mm long, inserted near the middle of the pedicel; pedicels (5–)9–20(–30) mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 0.5–2 mm long, 1–4 mm broad; lobes ovate with filiform apex
    Corolla
    Corolla white or pale pink, pale mauve or greenish outside, fragrant, stipitateglandular outside; tube (22–)25–30(–35) mm long, ± 1 mm in diameter, upper portion below lobes up to 4 mm in diameter; lobes ± equal, suborbicular to spatulate, 6–9 mm long, 5–8 mm broad, rounded
    Filaments
    Filaments 1.5–2 mm long.
    Anthers
    Anthers 2–3.5 mm long
    Gynoecium
    Ovary ovoid, 3–4 mm long, 1.5–2 mm wide; style 17–30 mm long; stigma tongue-shaped, 3–5 mm long
    Fruits
    Capsules often covered by persistent corolla remnants, slightly obliquely beaked, 7–15 mm long from the base to the tip of the beak, slightly winged along the sutures
    Figures
    Fig 41, p 155
    Ecology
    Open wet places and among grass, in pools on rock outcrops, and sometimes as a weed of cultivation in rice fields; flowers opening in the evening; 0–2500 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); common and widespread SYN. Macrosiphon fistulosa Hochst. in Flora 24(1): 373 (1841)
    Distribution
    Range: Widespread in tropical Africa and in Madagascar, also in New Guinea and Australia Flora districts: U1 U3 U4 K3 T4 T6 T7 T 8P
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Plants (3)5–50( 120) cm. tall; stems simple or much branched.
    Leaves
    Leaves (5)10–60( 100) mm. long, pinnatisect or rarely some simple; segments (0)2–7, 2–20(35) mm. long, under 1 mm. wide, filiform.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in axils of , or just above, bracts.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels (5)9–20(30) mm. long.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles 1–5(7) mm. long, inserted near midway on pedicel.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3.5–9(13) mm. long; tube 0.5–2 mm. long, 1–4 mm. in diam.; lobes ovate at base with revolute margins, 2–5(8) mm. long, filiform.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, cream, pale pink or pale blue, externally stipitate-glandular; tube (22)25–30(35) mm. long, 1 mm. broad below, 1.5–2.5(4) mm. broad above, straight or curved; lobes 6–9 x 5–8 mm., circular to spathulate, rounded; corolla long persisting around the maturing capsule.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted.
    Anthers
    Anthers 2–3.5 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary 3–4 x 1.5–2 mm.
    Style
    Style 17–30 mm. long, slightly exserted.
    Fruits
    Capsule (6)7–10(15) mm. long to apex of beak, 4–7 mm. broad, winged along sutures.
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Fishing-net plant

    Rhamphicarpa fistulosa (Hochst.) Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2012 Antilahimena, P. et al. [6049], Madagascar K000662405
    Nov 20, 1974 Kotschy [63], Sudan K000379727
    Nov 19, 1974 Chevalier, A. [1336], Mali K000483394
    Nov 19, 1974 Leprieur, F.M.R. [s.n.], Senegal K000379728
    Nov 15, 1974 Jaeger, P. [9], Mali K000483393
    Nov 15, 1974 Hepburn, I.D. [29], Mali K000483392
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9804], Tanzania 24394.000
    Gossweiler, J. [4463], Angola K001009119
    Welwitsch [5889], Angola K001009120
    Welwitsch [5889b], Angola K001009121
    Welwitsch [5862], Angola K001009122
    Kotschy [77a], Sudan K000379726
    Kotschy [77a], Sudan K000379729 isotype
    Kotschy [77b], Sudan K000379725
    Kotschy [77b], Sudan K000379730
    Hagerup, O. [116], Mali K000483395
    Nov 20, 1974 Hohenacker, R.F. [273], Karnataka Rhamphicarpa longiflora K000999960
    Nov 20, 1974 Wight, R. [2220] Rhamphicarpa longiflora K000999958
    Nov 20, 1974 s.coll. [s.n.] Rhamphicarpa longiflora K000999957
    Nov 20, 1974 s.coll. [s.n.], Maharashtra Rhamphicarpa longiflora K000999959
    Nov 14, 1974 Hohenacker, R.F. [855], Karnataka Rhamphicarpa longiflora K000999962
    Nov 14, 1974 Hohenacker, R.F. [588], Karnataka Rhamphicarpa longiflora K000999964
    Nov 14, 1974 Wight, R. [s.n.], Maharashtra Rhamphicarpa longiflora K000999961
    Nov 14, 1974 Wight, R. [2220] Rhamphicarpa longiflora K000999965
    Nov 14, 1974 Jacquemont, V.V. [635], India Rhamphicarpa longiflora K000999963 isotype

    First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 504 (1846)

    Accepted by

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 419.
    • in DC. Prod. 10: 504 (1848)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lekhak, M.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2012). Herbacious vegetation of threatened high altitude lateritic plateau ecosystems of Western Ghats, southwestern Maharashtra, India Rheedea 22: 39-61.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 304 (2006).
    • U.K.W.F.: 261 (1994)
    • F.Z. 8(2): 135 (1990)
    • Dansk Bot. Tidsskr. 70: 117, fig. 11 a–d (1976)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 370 (1963)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 420 (1906)
    • Fl. Cap. 4(2): 399 (1904)
    • Abh. Kön. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1891: 382 (1892)
    • DC., Prodr. 10: 504 (1846), excl. syn. Macrosiphon elongatus Hochst.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/