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This species is accepted, and its native range is Azores, W. & S. Europe to Tropical African Mountains.

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate, creeping herb rooting at nodes, somewhat pilose; stems slender up to 20 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, 5–15 mm. in diam., subcircular, crenate-dentate, finely to densely pilose above and below; petioles 5–30 mm. long, slender, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, pedicels 2–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.5–2 mm. long, shortly 4–5-lobed, 4–5-nerved, pubescent, lobes short, obtuse to subacute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla up to 2 mm. long, usually 5-lobed, yellow to purple, lobes short, obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually four, included.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule to about 1.5 mm. long, obovate, somewhat emarginate, pilose at apex.

[FWTA]

Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A prostrate herb
Ecology
In moist montane habitats.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Lectotype: “Alsine spuria pusilla repens foliis Saxifragae aureae” in Plukenet, Phytographia, t. 7, f. 6, 1691, designated by Hampshire in Jarvis & al. (ed.), Regnum Veg. 127 : 88 (1993)
Morphology General Habit
Prostrate perennial.
Morphology Stem
Stems creeping, often matted, rooting at the nodes, ± pilose
Morphology Leaves
Young distal leaves reniform, ± 5 mm in diameter, very shortly petiolate; older leaves reniform, up to 15 mm long and 20 mm wide, margins crenate-dentate, pilose on both surfaces; petiole ± 2 cm long (up to 7 cm in shaded locations)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary; pedicels 2–5 mm, much shorter than the petiole
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± 2 mm long, usually 5lobed, erect in fruit, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pale pink or mauve, slightly longer than calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4 or 5, included
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule obovoid, shorter than calyx, pilose at apex
Figures
Fig 28, p 97
Ecology
Damp places in mountains such as shady banks along roads; 2000–3500 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC); widespread and common
Note
Hedberg (in Bot. Not. 108: 168 (1955)), followed by a number of later authors, indicated 793.1 (LINN) as type but it is not annoted by Linnaeus and is not original material for the name (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/jdsml/research-curation/projects/linnaean-typification/)
Distribution
Range: Cameroon south to Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, Mediterranean and western Europe Flora districts: U2 U3 K2 K3 K 4 ; T2 T7

[FTEA]
Use
None recorded on specimens from our area

Native to:

Azores, Cameroon, Ethiopia, France, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ireland, Kenya, Kriti, Portugal, Rwanda, Spain, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Sibthorpia europaea L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 2009 Kisalye, N. [134], Uganda K000545485
Jan 1, 1960 Morton, J.K. [799], Cameroon K000028761
Jan 1, 1952 Maitland, T.D. [1197], Cameroon K000028765
Jan 1, 1952 Mann, G. [1963], Cameroon K000028764
Jan 1, 1952 Maitland, T.D. [1322], Cameroon K000028766
Brenan, J.P.M. [9566], Cameroon K000028767
Breteler, F.J. [MC 128], Cameroon K000028769
Hepper, F.N. [2094], Cameroon K000028763
Hepper, F.N. [2009], Cameroon K000028768

First published in Sp. Pl.: 631 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Kliment, J., Turis, P. & Janišová, M. (2016). Taxa of vascular plants endemic to the Carpathian Mts Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 88: 19-76.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Hedberg in Bot. Not. 108: 168 (1955)
  • Hedberg in Sym. Bot. Uppsal. 15: 168 (1957).
  • Sp. P. 631 (1753)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.V.P.: 168 (1957)
  • Bot. Not. 108: 168 (1955)
  • Caryologia 28: 253, fig. 6 (1975)
  • F.W.T.A.  ed. 2, 2: 356, fig. 285 (1986)
  • F.Z.: 8(2): 75, t. 27 (1990)
  • Fischer, F.A.C. Scrophulariaceae: 210, pl. 87 (1999)
  • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 284 (2006).
  • Sp. P1.: 631 (1753)
  • U.K.W.F.: 257 (1994)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0