1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Sopubia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
      1. Sopubia eminii Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Types: Tanzania, Stuhlmann 3334, 3582 and 3848 (B†, syn.). Neotype: Kenya, Nandi–Mumias, Whyte s.n. (K! chosen by Hansen, 1975)
    Habit
    Annual, erect to slightly erect, scabrid herb, (20–)30–60 cm tall.
    Stem
    Stems simple to much branched especially near base, obscurely angled, branches spreading to slightly erect, scabrid, frequently with minute, retrorse, bristly hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 4 cm long, opposite to almost opposite, occasionally in whorls of 3, usually trifid particularly below with narrowly linear lobes, or occasionally 5-fid, becoming entire above, strict to somewhat flexuous when dry, bracteate within inflorescence, often subtending small axillary leafy branches
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence lax, terminal, racemose; flowers opposite; bracteoles 3–4 mm long, 0.4–0.6 mm wide, narrowly linear to linear-lanceolate, scabrid, arising towards apex of pedicel; pedicels 5–10(–25) mm long, slender, scabrid
    Calyx
    Calyx 3.5–4.5 mm long, subglabrous to minutely scabrid on the outside, subglabrous within, not densely woolly; lobes broadly triangular, ± 1.3 mm long, slightly to barely tomentose at margins, sparsely to more or less densely orange to black glandular-punctate when dried
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow or white with dark purple centre, 6.5–7 mm long, limb 8–10 mm in diameter
    Anthers
    Fertile anther thecae cylindric-ellipsoid, ± 2 mm long
    Fruits
    Capsule broadly cylindric-ellipsoid, 3.5–5 mm long, ± 3 mm in diameter, glabrous or sparsely reddish glandular-punctate when dried.
    Ecology
    Woodland and grassy places and hillsides; 1000–2300 m (–2790 m fide U.K.W.F.)
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); widespread
    Distribution
    Range: Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe Flora districts: U3 U4 K3 K4 K5 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Annual, erect to slightly erect, scabrid herb, 30–60 cm. tall; stems simple to much branched especially near base, obscurely angled, branches spreading to slightly erect, scabrid, frequently with minute retrorse bristly hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 4 cm. long, opposite to almost opposite, occasionally in whorls of 3, usually trifid particularly below with narrowly linear lobes, becoming entire above, bracteate within inflorescence, of ten subtending small axillary leafy branches.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence loose, terminal, racemose; flowers pedicellate, yellow or white with dark purple centre, opposite.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 5–9 mm. long, slender, scabrid.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles 3–4 x 0.4–0.6 mm., narrowly linear to linear-lanceolate, scabrid, arising towards apex of pedicel.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3.5–4.5 mm. long, subglabrous to minutely scabrid without, subglabrous within, not densely woolly, lobes c. 1.25 mm. long, broadly triangular, slightly to barely tomentose at margin, sparsely to more or less densely orange to black glandular-punctate when dried.
    Corolla
    Corolla 6.5–7 mm. long, limb 8–10 mm. in diam.
    Anthers
    Fertile anther thecae c. 2 mm. long cylindric-ellipsoid.
    Fruits
    Capsule 3.5–5 mm. long, c. 3 mm. in diam., broadly cylindric-ellipsoid, glabrous or sparsely reddish glandular-punctate when dried.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Sopubia eminii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [5556], Tanzania K000468868

    First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 359 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 289 (2006).
    • U.K.W.F.: 259, pl. 111 (1994)
    • F.Z. 8(2): 146 (1990)
    • K.B. 30: 544 (1975)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 447 (1906)
    • P.O.A. C: 359 (1895)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0