1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Sopubia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
      1. Sopubia ramosa (Hochst.) Hochst.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Robust erect shrub or woody herb 1-5 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers pink or mauve with darker centre
    Ecology
    In savanna woodland or grasay places
    Note
    Drying brown.
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Erect, perennial, much branched herb or undershrub, 45–100(150 or more) cm. tall, scabrid; stems usually branched above with branches ascending, densely pubescent with pubescence usually in 3 or 4 rows alternating with leaf insertions.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually in whorls of 3–4, 15–30(35) x 1 -3.5 mm., linear to linear-lanceolate, undivided or rarely 3-fid, scabrid, margin revolute, strigose; midrib very prominent.
    Flowers
    Flowers pink to lilac or lavender, or occasionally purplish, in whorls of 3–4 in long terminal racemes.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 1.5–4.5 mm. long, increasing to 6.5 mm. in fruit.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles 2.5–5 mm. long, linear to linear-lanceolate, arising 0.25–0.5 mm. below base of calyx, long pubescent to hispid-strigose or subglabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3.5–4 mm. long, increasing to 6.5 mm. in fruit, 10-ribbed, shortly scabrid-pubescent without; lobes c. 1.5 mm. long, deltate, densely tomentose at margin and within.
    Corolla
    Corolla 7–8 mm. long, limb 9–13.5 mm. in diam.
    Anthers
    Fertile anther thecae 2.8–3 x c. 1 mm., oblong.
    Fruits
    Capsule 4–5 mm. long, 3–3.5 mm. in diam., broadly ovoid to subglobose, emarginate, glabrous.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Anthers
    Fertile anther cells oblong, 2.8–3 mm long
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid to subglobose, 4–5 mm long, 3–3.5 mm in diameter, retuse, glabrous.
    Ecology
    Forest borders and glades, open woodland to grassy hillsides, plains and swampy ground; 0–3000 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); widespread
    Type
    Type: Ethiopia, Shire near Sagal, Schimper 507 (K! lecto., chosen by Hansen, 1975)
    Habit
    Erect, perennial, much branched herb or undershrub, 45–100(–150 or more) cm tall, scabrid.
    Stem
    Stems usually branched above with branches ascending, densely pubescent with pubescence usually in 3 or 4 rows alternating with leaf insertions
    Leaves
    Leaves usually in whorls of 3–4, undivided or rarely 3-fid, linear to linear-lanceolate, 15–30(–50) mm long, 1–3.5(–7) mm wide, margins revolute, strigose to scabrid, midrib very prominent
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence usually terminal, racemose, many-flowered, up to 20(–35) cm long; flowers in whorls of 3–4, frequently closely arranged; bracteoles linear to linear-lanceolate, 2.5–5 mm long, arising 0.3–0.5 mm below base of calyx, long-pubescent to hispid-strigose or subglabrous; pedicels 1.5–4.5 mm long, increasing to 6.5 mm in fruit
    Calyx
    Calyx 3.5–4 mm long, increasing to 6.5 mm in fruit, 10ribbed, shortly scabrid-pubescent; lobes deltate, ± 1.5 mm long, densely tomentose at margins and inside
    Corolla
    Corolla pink to lilac or lavender, or occasionally purplish, 7–8 mm long; limb broadly ovoid to subglobose, 9–13.5 mm in diameter, emarginate, glabrous
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 Range: West and Central Africa, Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded from our area.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Sopubia ramosa (Hochst.) Hochst. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9697], Tanzania 24393.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10868], Tanzania 24457.000
    Gossweiler, J. [8390], Angola K001009095
    Gossweiler, J. [3168], Angola K001009097
    Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola K001009098
    Gossweiler, J. [1098], Angola K001009099
    Meurillon, A. [CNAD 553], Cameroon K000028874
    Schimper [507], Sudan K000379868
    Bidgood, S. [5337], Tanzania K000190567
    Welwitsch [5864], Angola K001009092
    Welwitsch [5865], Angola K001009093
    Welwitsch [5911], Angola K001009100
    Tamajong, S. [FHI 23487], Cameroon K000028876
    Harris, T. [226], Mozambique K000613301
    Harris, T. [492], Malawi K000614569
    Patel, H. [7412], Mozambique K000613674
    Timberlake, J. [5062], Mozambique K000613442
    de Menezes, A. [531], Angola K001009094
    Egbuta, L. U. [FHI 3775], Cameroon K000028877
    s.coll. [s.n.], Angola K001009096
    Whyte, A. [s.n.], Kenya Sopubia similis K000379863
    Schimper, M.W. [695], Ethiopia Sopubia similis K000379871 Unknown type material

    First published in Flora 27: 27 (1844)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Bot. 479.
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 449
    • in Flora 27: 27 (1844)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 288 (2006).
    • U.K.W.F.: 258 (1994)
    • F.Z. 8 (2): 145 (1990)
    • Cribb & Leedal, Mount. Fl. S Tanz.: 118, pl. 28G (1982)
    • K.B. 30: 546 (1975)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 369 (1963)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 449 (1906)
    • Flora 27: 27 (1844)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0