1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Sopubia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
      1. Sopubia simplex (Hochst.) Hochst.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect perennial herb with slender sparingly branched ribbed stem, 1-2 ft. high, from a stout woody rootstock
    Flowers
    Flowers pink or mauve with a purple centre
    Ecology
    In moist grassland in savanna
    Note
    Drying brown.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: South Africa, Port Natal, Krauss 400 (K!, holo.)
    Habit
    Perennial herb, erect, up to 65 cm tall.
    Stem
    Stems several arising from a woody base, simple or branched above, markedly angled, many-ribbed, glabrous to minutely sparingly pubescent, sparsely leafy
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate to verticillate, undivided, narrowly linear, (5.5–)12–20 mm long, (0.2–)0.5–1 mm wide, usually appressed, revolute, subglabrous to scabrid on margins and midrib beneath
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence loose to somewhat clustered, terminal, racemose, up to 20(–30) cm long; flowers numerous, alternate to whorled; bracteoles linear to subulate, 1.5–2 mm long, ± 0.2 mm wide, subglabrous to minutely scabrid;  pedicels 6–13 mm long, rather slender, subglabrous to shortly hispid-pubescent
    Calyx
    Calyx brownish-green when fresh, 4–6 mm long, verrucose to hispid or minutely pubescent without; lobes triangular, 1–3 mm long, woolly at margins and inside
    Corolla
    Corolla pink to lilac or pale mauve, rarely white, with dark-purple throat rotate; limb (10–)14–15 mm in diameter, caducous
    Anthers
    Fertile anther cells more or less ellipsoid, 2.5–2.8 mm long
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong to ovoid- or obovoid-oblong, 4.5–5 mm long, 2.5–3.5 mm in diameter, retuse, bearing persistent base of style
    Figures
    Fig 45, p 179
    Ecology
    Mostly in burnt or moist grassland, riversides, swamps or marshes; 600–2300 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); widespread
    Distribution
    Range: West Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe Flora districts: U2 U3 U 4 ; K3 K5 K6 T1 T4 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Perennial herb, erect up to 45 cm. tall; stems several arising from a woody base, simple or branched above, markedly angled, many ribbed, glabrous to minutely sparingly pubescent, sparsely leafy.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate to whorled, undivided, (5.5)12–20 x (6.2)0.5–1 mm., narrowly linear, usually appressed, revolute, subglabrous to scabrid on margins and midrib beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence loose to somewhat clustered, terminal, racemose up to 20(30) cm. long; flowers numerous, alternate to whoried, pink to lilac or pale mauve, rarely white, with dark purple throat, pedicellate.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 6–13 mm. long, rather slender, subglabrous to shortly hispid-pubescent.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles 1.5–2 x c. 0.15 mm., linear to subulate, subglabrous to minutely scabrid.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–6 mm. long, brownish-green when fresh, verrucose to hispid or minutely pubescent without; lobes 1 -3 mm. long, triangular, woolly at margin and within.
    Corolla
    Corolla rotate, limb (10)14–15 mm. in diam., caducous.
    Anthers
    Fertile anther cells 2.5–2.8 mm. long, more or less ellipsoid.
    Fruits
    Capsule 4.5–5 mm. long, 2.5–3.5 mm. in diam., oblong to ovate- or obovate-obong in outline, refuse, bearing persistent base of style.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Sopubia simplex (Hochst.) Hochst. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 1973 Bauer, P.J. [38], Cameroon K000028961
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7773], Tanzania 24769.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7943], Zambia 6410.000
    Watermeyer, A.M. [130], Tanzania 1121.000
    Gossweiler, J. [3244], Angola K001009085
    Gossweiler, J. [1097], Angola K001009086
    Maitland, T.D. [1762], Cameroon K000028963
    unknown [400], South Africa K000379839 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch [5904], Angola K001009087
    Baum, H. [475], Angola K000379855 isotype
    Krauss [400], South Africa K000379837
    Baur, R. [743], South Africa K000379838
    Henriques, C. [670], Angola K001009084
    Bruneau, A. [446], Cameroon K000028957
    Brunt, M.A. [364], Cameroon K000028958
    Brunt, M.A. [74], Cameroon K000028959
    Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30094], Cameroon K000028965

    First published in Flora 27: 27 (1844)

    Accepted by

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Bot. 479.
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 450
    • in Flora 27: 27 (1844)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 290 (2006).
    • U.K.W.F.: 259, pl. 111 (1994)
    • F.Z. 8(2): 144(1990)
    • K.B. 30: 550 (1975)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 369(1963)
    • F.P.S. 3: 142 (1956)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 450 (1906)
    • Flora 27: 27 (1844)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0