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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to NW. Ethiopia and Zambia, Madagascar, India.

[FWTA]

Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Habit
An erect, much branched viscid glandular-pubescent aromatic herb, 6-12 in. high
Flowers
Flowers yellow or white.

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Habit
Erect, much-branched herb, 15–35 cm. tall, strongly viscid, foetid, glandular-pubescent throughout to varying degrees.
Leaves
Leaves 15–50 x 6–20 mm., oblong to lanceolate, acute or obtuse, narrowed at base or broader, semi-amplexicaul, coarsely serrate.
Inflorescences
Inflorescence with flowers crowded into leafy spike-like raceme; pedicels about 1 mm. long; bracts 2, to about 3.25 x 0.2 mm., somewhat ciliate, narrowly linear.
Calyx
Calyx 4.5–6.5 mm. long, lobes 3.5–5.5 x 0.5–1.2 mm., narrowly linear-lanceolate, acuminate.
Corolla
Corolla about 5.5–6.5 mm. long, upper lip emarginate, lower lip trilobed, lobes rounded to somewhat emarginate, yellowish- or greenish-white.
Filaments
Filaments 2.0–2.8 mm. long, slender.
Ovary
Ovary 1.5 mm. long, 0.75 mm. in diam., narrowly conical.
Style
Style 1.5 mm. long, somewhat arcuate at apex.
Fruits
Capsule about 5.5 mm. long, narrowly oblong in outline, 4-furrowed.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Conservation
Least Concern (LC)
Note
This and other species of Stemodia are often mistaken for members of the Labiatae with which they have a superficial resemblance; the bilocular ovary is distinctive. In East Africa only S. serrata Benth. has been reported, yet S. verticillata (Mill.) Boldingh (syn. S. parviflora Ait.), an American species with blue flowers and globose capsules occurs as a creeping weed in West Africa, Mauritius and Java, and it may well be found in our region.
Type
Types: Senegal [Senegambia], 1828, Leprieur, s.n.; Perrottet, 447, 448 & 575 (G, syn.)
Habit
Erect simple or usually much-branched herb, 12–32(–37) cm high.
Branches
branches ± erect, 4-angled, glandular-pubescent, viscid with a foetid scent
Leaves
Leaves narrowly elliptic or lanceolate, 0.5–5 cm long, 3–15 mm wide, narrowed to base or amplexicaul, acute at apex, margins serrate from the middle to the apex, finely glandular-pubescent
Flowers
Flowers solitary in axils forming a leafy spike-like raceme; pedicels 1–3 mm long; bracteoles 2 at the base of the calyx, narrowly linear, ± 3 mm long, ciliate
Calyx
Calyx ± 5 mm long in fruit, shorter in flower, lobes subulate-linear, acuminate, finely glandular-pubescent
Corolla
Corolla white, ± 6 mm long, upper lip emarginate, lower lip broadly and shortly 3-lobed
Fruits
Capsule 5–6 mm, narrow, acuminate, almost as long as the calyx, glabrous
Figures
Fig 14, p 37
Ecology
Moist, grassy places, flood plains, drying out during dry season; 50–1100 m
Distribution
Flora districts: K7 T5 T6 T8 Range: Senegal, Mali, Ghana, Chad, Cameroon, Sudan, Ethiopia, Zambia, Malawi, Madagascar, India, widely distributed but probably overlooked in our area

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[FTEA]
Use
None recorded on specimens from our area

Native to:

Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia

Stemodia serrata (Hochst.) Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Stocks, J.E. [s.n.], India K000979385
K000379589
Kotschy [521], Ethiopia K000379584
Kotschy [421], Ethiopia K000379585
Kotschy [226] K000379588
Kotschy [199] K000379587
Guillemin [3], Senegal K000379591
[Law] [s.n.] K000379586

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 381 (1846)

Accepted by

  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 74.
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 314
  • in DC. Prod. 10: 381 (1846)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 260 (2006).
  • Fischer, F.A.C. Scrophulariaceae: 66, pl. 24 (1999)
  • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 357 (1963)
  • F.T.A. 4(2): 314 (1906)
  • DC., Prodr. 10: 381 (1846)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0