1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Striga Lour.
      1. Striga angustifolia (D.Don) C.J.Saldanha

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa, S. Arabian Peninsula to Indian Subcontinent.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Erect annual or biennial herb 15–50 cm. high, usually simple or erect-branched, stems stiff, ± pubescent to densely covered with very short hispid hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite to nearly so, alternate above, linear to linear-lanceolate, 1–4 mm. wide, acute, finely pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary, alternate, forming long lax terminal spikes; lower bracts leaf-like, the upper linear to subulate; bracteoles c. 4 mm. long, subulate.
    Calyx
    Calyx 10–12 mm. long, tubular, very prominently 15-ribbed, 5-toothed, finely pubescent; teeth 3–5 mm. long, linear-lanceolate, elongating in fruit.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or cream with greenish tube, pubescent outside; tube abruptly curved just above calyx teeth, inflated above; upper lip obovate, emarginate or truncate; lobes of lower lip 6–8 x 5 mm., obovate, rounded.
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, shorter than calyx, apiculate, valves sharply recurved after dehiscence.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Nepal, Wallich s.n. (K!, holo.)
    Habit
    Erect annual or biennial herb, 15–50 cm high, with usually erect, simple branches.
    Stem
    Stems stiff, ± pubescent to densely covered with very short hispid hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite to subopposite, alternate above, linear to linear-lanceolate, 10–20 mm long, 1–4 mm wide, acute, entire, finely pubescent
    Flowers
    Flowers alternate, axillary, solitary, forming long lax terminal spikes; lower bracts leaf-like, the upper linear to subulate; bracteoles subulate, ± 4 mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular, 10–12 mm long, very prominently 15-ribbed, 5-toothed, finely pubescent; teeth linear-lanceolate, 3–5 mm long, elongating in fruit
    Corolla
    Corolla white or cream with greenish tube, pubescent outside; tube 12–15 mm long, abruptly curved just above calyx teeth and inflated above; upper lip obovate, emarginate or truncate; lobes of lower lip obovate, 6–8 mm long, 5 mm wide, rounded
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid 4–5 mm long, ± 3 mm in diameter, apiculate, valves recurved sharply after dehiscence.
    Ecology
    Wet grassland, abandoned cultivations, BrachystegiaUapaca woodland; 800–900 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); common and widespread
    Distribution
    Range: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka Flora districts: T8
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, Cocos (Keeling) Is., East Himalaya, India, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Oman, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Striga angustifolia (D.Don) C.J.Saldanha appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harris, T. [200], Mozambique K000613275
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3868], Nepal Buchnera euphrasioides K001117478
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3868], Myanmar Buchnera euphrasioides K001117479
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3868], Myanmar Buchnera euphrasioides K001117480
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3868], India Buchnera euphrasioides K001117477
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10024], Tanzania Striga euphrasioides 24497.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10024], Tanzania Striga euphrasioides 24766.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10577], Tanzania Striga euphrasioides 24770.000
    Strachey, R. [1] Striga euphrasioides K000999941
    Wallich, N. [3873] Striga euphrasioides K000999944
    Lobb, T. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu Striga euphrasioides K000999942
    Ramsay, C.B. [s.n.] Striga euphrasioides K000999943

    First published in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 5: 70 (1963)

    Accepted by

    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 88: 66 (2001).
    • Fl. Hassan Distr.: 526 (1976)
    • Bull. Bot. Surv. India 57, 1: 70 (1963)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0