1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Striga Lour.
      1. Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Extremely variable slender erect herb, scabrid-pubescent or almost glabrous, a few inches to 1 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers usually brilliant scarlet inside, yellow outside, sometimes all red, yellow or white
    Ecology
    In moist shallow sandy soil overlying rock amongst short grass
    Note
    Drying greenish.
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Sparsely branched herb, stems 15–20 cm. tall, branching from above the middle, densely hispid, square in cross section.
    Leaves
    Leaves ascending, 8–16 mm. long, less than 1 mm. wide.
    Flowers
    Flowers opposite or alternate, only 2 flowers open at a time per inflorescence branch.
    Bracts
    Bracts 9–12 mm. long, longer than calyx; bracteoles 2 mm. long or less.
    Calyx
    Calyx 6 mm. long, including teeth (teeth 2 mm.), 2.5 mm. wide.
    Corolla
    Corolla scarlet within, yellowish without, rarely all yellow, 13 mm. long; tube bent in upper part near limb, whole limb positioned at right angles to tube; upper lobe emarginate, 4 mm. wide, lower lobes spreading 4 x 1.5 mm.
    Style
    Style persistent, usually with white pollen mass on the stigma.
    Fruits
    Capsule 7 x 2 mm.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Lectotype: “Habitat in Zeylona, China”, Torén, Herb. Linn. No. 790.10, branched specimen (LINN) designated by Hepper (1974)
    Habit
    Erect annual.
    Stem
    Stems square, sparsely branched or if branched then from above the middle, 15–20 cm high, densely hispid
    Leaves
    Leaves ascending, linear to narrowly elliptic, 8–16 mm long, ± 1 mm wide, acute, entire, hispid
    Flowers
    Flowers opposite or alternate, only 2 flowers per inflorescence branch; bracts 9–12 mm long, longer than the calyx; bracteoles 2 mm or less long
    Calyx
    Calyx 10-ribbed, 6 mm long, including teeth, 2.5 mm wide; teeth 2 mm long
    Corolla
    Corolla scarlet red, outside yellowish, occasionally entirely yellow; tube 11–14 mm long, bent near limb, sparsely to densely pubescent; limb with the upper lobe emarginate, 4 mm wide; lower lobes spreading, 4 mm long, 1.5 mm wide; whole limb positioned at right angles to the tube.
    Style
    Style persistent, usually with white pollen mass on the stigma
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong, 7 mm long, 2 mm wide
    Figures
    Fig 38: 1–2, p 145
    Ecology
    Semi-parasitic on roots of wild grasses and cultivated maize ( Zea); 0–1900 m (–2480 m fide
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); common and widespread
    Note
    An extremely variable species, simple or branched, leafy or almost leafless, densely pubescent ( S. hirsuta) to almost glabrous (but strigose), flowers brilliant scarlet or yellow ( S. lutea). Tall, slender plants with white flowers from Tanzania (Tunduru District, Richards 17912, 18024) may be separable as a distinct species.
    Distribution
    Range: Widespread in tropical Africa, tropical Asia, South Africa, Mascarenes, introduced into U.S.A. Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T 8ZP
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, East Himalaya, Egypt, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Chagos Archipelago

    Common Names

    English
    Common mealie-witchweed, Witchweed

    Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1970 Wood, D. [1475], Seychelles K000449622
    Ethiopia K000379780
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9693], Tanzania 24778.000
    Keay, R.W.J. [37034], Nigeria 5507.000
    Chancellor, R.J. [5], Uganda 2585.000
    Gossweiler, J. [8347], Angola K001009163
    Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola K001009164
    Gossweiler, J. [4466], Angola K001009165
    Gossweiler, J. [2916], Angola K001009166
    Maitland, T.D. [1599], Cameroon K000028782
    Schimper [1209], Ethiopia K000379779
    Welwitsch [5880], Angola K001009155
    Welwitsch [5881], Angola K001009156
    Welwitsch [5819], Angola K001009159
    Schinz [16], Namibia K001009160
    Baum, H. [393], Angola K001009161
    Cecil, E. [128], Zimbabwe K001009158
    Monteiro [s.n.], Angola K001009154
    Wellman, F.C. [1769], Angola K001009162
    Henriques, C. [853], Angola K001009167
    Callewaert, C. [s.n.], Congo K001009157
    Barbosa, G. [8937], Angola K001009153
    Parker, C. [4000], Mali K000483437
    Parker, C. [4001], Mali K000483438
    Raynal-Roques, A. [22439], Burkina Faso K000483435
    Raynal-Roques, A. [22410], Burkina Faso K000483436
    Raynal-Roques, A. [22205], Mali K000483439
    Brunt, M.A. [404], Cameroon K000028781
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3873] Buchnera asiatica K001117496
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3873] Buchnera asiatica K001117497
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3873] Buchnera asiatica K001117498
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3873] Buchnera asiatica K001117499
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3873] Buchnera asiatica K001117500
    Loher, A. [4359], Philippines Striga lutea K000618672
    Elmer, A.D.E. [7420], Philippines Striga lutea K000618673
    Cuming, H. [1360], Philippines Striga lutea K000618675
    s.coll. [s.n.] Striga lutea K000618674
    s.coll. [1360], Philippines Striga lutea K000618676
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3870] Buchnera coccinea K001117488
    Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 3870], Mauritius Buchnera coccinea K001117487

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 466 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Not accepted by

    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta. [Cited as Striga angustifolia.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 83 (incl. vars.).
    • Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 466 (1891)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1981). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 3: 1-499. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 295 (2006).
    • Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 88: 67 (2001)
    • U.K.W.F.: 261, pl. 113 (1994)
    • K.B. 41: 207, fig. 1A (1986)
    • Proc. Third Symp. Parasitic Pl.: 262 (1984)
    • Blundell, Wild Flow. Kenya: 100 (1982)
    • Rhodora 76: 45 (1974)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 372 (1963)
    • F.P.U.: 135 (1962)
    • F.P.S. 3: 145 (1956)
    • U.O.P.Z.: 456 (1949)
    • Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 466 (1891)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/