1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Striga Lour.
      1. Striga baumannii Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to W. Central Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Sierra Leone, without locality, Scott-Elliot 5085 (K!, lecto.)
    Habit
    Erect, glabrous perennial with stout base and fleshy roots.
    Stem
    Stems 30–90 cm high, erect, branched above, glaucous
    Leaves
    Leaves reduced to scales clasping stems, nodes 1–4 cm apart
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences slender, up to 20 cm long with numerous pairs of flowers appressed to stem; bracts lanceolate, shorter than calyx, bracteoles subulate
    Calyx
    Calyx narrowly tubular, 15–veined, ± 7 mm long; teeth 2 mm long, glabrous, ligneous
    Corolla
    Corolla dull yellow (maroon fide U.K.W.F.), glabrous; tube slightly longer than calyx, curved, expanding above, 2-lipped, 5-lobed; lobes 1–2 mm long, recurved (in dry state), acute.
    Style
    Style 3 mm long, pubescent
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong, ± 6 mm long, ± 1.5 mm wide.
    Ecology
    Among Hyparrhenia in Combretum woodland and moist grassland; ± 1650 m
    Note
    A specimen from Tanzania, Moshi, Iringa District: H. horsburgh-Porter s.n. (BM) is similar but with broader leaves (5 mm) and larger flowers (23 mm in diameter). Mohamed et al. (op. cit. p. 95) exclude S. baumannii from Striga on the basis of its tuberous roots and ligneous calyx and suggest that it could belong to a new genus.
    Distribution
    Range: Mali to Sierra Leone, Cameroon, Congo-Kinshasa Flora districts: U4 K3
    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Tall glaucous herb 2 ft. or more high
    Flowers
    Flowers dull-yellow, in long slender spikes
    Roots
    Roots subsucculent from a fairly stout stock
    Ecology
    Parasitic on grass roots in moist grassland
    Note
    Drying grey.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Striga baumannii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [5085], Sierra Leone K000379789 lectotype
    Maitland, T.D. [1636], Cameroon K000028785
    Bauer, P.J. [78], Cameroon K000028786
    Brunt, M.A. [585], Cameroon K000028784

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23: 515 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 414.
    • Bot. Jahrb. 23: 515, t. 12 figs. O-T (1897)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • U.K.W.F.: 261 (1994).
    • Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris B, Adansonia 7(2): 123–133 (1985)
    • Proc. Third Parasitic Pl. symp.: 263 (1984)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 371 (1963)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 414 (1906)
    • E.J. 23: 515, t. 12, figs. O–T (1897)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0