1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Striga Lour.
      1. Striga elegans Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Erect annual herb 11–36 cm. high, stems usually simple, densely strigose, when fresh yellowish green, drying greenish.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly opposite, erect, 8–30(45) x 1–3 mm., linear, densely strigose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, 3–11(19) cm. long, usually rather dense or interrupted with several opposite pairs of flowers out at the same time.
    Stamens
    Lower bracts longer than calyx, upper ones shorter; bracteoles subulate, shorter than calyx.
    Calyx
    Calyx 8–9 mm. long, including teeth, strigose.
    Corolla
    Corolla bright scarlet, yellowish outside, fragrant; tube c. 16 mm. long; limb upper lip bilobed, lower lip very deeply 3-lobed, about 1 cm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: South Africa, 1836, Drege 3591 (K!, holo.)
    Habit
    Erect annual 11–36(–40) cm high.
    Stem
    Stems usually simple, obtusely square, densely strigose, when fresh yellowish green, drying greenish
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly opposite, erect, linear, 8–30(–45) mm long, 1–3 mm wide, entire, densely strigose
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, 3–11(–19) cm long, usually rather dense or interrupted with several opposite pairs of flowers out at the same time; lower bracts longer than calyx, upper ones shorter; bracteoles subulate shorter than calyx
    Calyx
    Calyx 10-ribbed, 8–9 mm long, including teeth, strigose; tube 6–7(–9) mm, lobes linear to lanceolate, 2–5 mm long
    Corolla
    Corolla bright scarlet, yellowish outside, fragrant; tube 14–16(–18) mm long, bent and expanding above calyx, densely glandular-pubescent; upper lip bilobed, lower lip very deeply 3-lobed, lobes ovate, 8–10 mm long
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong, ± 7 mm long (young).
    Ecology
    Semi-parasitic on grass roots in upland grassland; 900–1900 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); widespread
    Distribution
    Range: Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa Flora districts: K3 K4 K6 T1 T2 T4 T7
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Striga elegans Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    de Winter, B. [3994], Namibia K001009139
    de Winter, B. [3994], Namibia K001009144
    Milne-Redhead, E. [4018], Angola K001009142
    Welwitsch [5851], Angola K001009140
    Wallich [1278], South Africa K000379742
    Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000379740
    Burke [443], South Africa K000379744
    Baum, H. [490], Angola K001009143
    Drège [3591a], South Africa K000379743
    Drège [3591b], South Africa K000379741
    Drège [3591b], South Africa K000379745
    Kuntze, O. [s.n.], South Africa K000379738
    Kuntze, O. [s.n.], South Africa K000379739
    de Menezes, A. [377], Angola K001009141

    First published in Compan. Bot. Mag. 1: 363 (1836)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 88: 77 (2001).
    • U.K.W.F.: 261 (1994)
    • Proc. Third Parasitic Pl. Symp.: 263 (1984)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 408 (1906)
    • J.L.S. 37: 190 (1905)
    • Dyer, Fl. Cap. 4, 2: 282 (1904)
    • E.J. 28: 480 (1900)
    • Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 779 (1898)
    • P.O.A. C: 361 (1895)
    • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 382 (1892)
    • DC., Prodr. 10: 502 (1846)
    • Hook., Comp. Bot. Mag. 1: 363 (1836)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0