1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Striga Lour.
      1. Striga forbesii Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect, simple or little-branched scabrid herb a few inches to 2 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers pink, or sometimes scarlet or yellow, subtended by leafy bracts
    Ecology
    In wet places
    Note
    Drying greenish-brown.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Mozambique, without locality, Forbes s.n. (K!, holo.)
    Habit
    Stiffly erect annual, dark green, up to 75 cm high, but usually much shorter.
    Stem
    Stems simple to sparsely branched, young parts glandular-pubescent, becoming scabrous with age
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, sessile, lanceolate, (1–)2–4(–7) cm long, 3–7(–10) mm wide, acute to obtuse, margins coarsely toothed, each tooth the termination of one of the secondary veins, margins recurved, scabrid-pubescent, 3-veined
    Flowers
    Flowers opposite to alternate, in open racemes; bracts leaf-like, seldom more than 2 cm long; bracteoles linear, shorter than the calyx
    Calyx
    Calyx 10-ribbed, tube 5–9 mm long, lobes lanceolate, as long as tube, veins scabrid hairy
    Corolla
    Corolla salmon pink, no obvious scent; tube ± 2 cm long, bent near top, glandular-pubescent; middle lower lobe obovate, 7–9(–13) mm long, 4–7(–11) mm wide, upper lobes smaller, emarginate
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong, flattened, shorter than calyx-tube, rounded at apex.
    Ecology
    Low lying grassy places with cracking clay in dry season; 10–1700 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); common and widespread
    Distribution
    Range: Widespread in tropical Africa, Madagascar Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T3 T4 T6 T7 T 8ZP
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Stiffly erect annual herb, dark green, sparsely branched, to 75 cm. high, usually much shorter.
    Indumentum
    Young parts glandular-pubescent, becoming scabrous with age.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, opposite, 3-nerved, (1)2–4(7) x 3–7(10) cm., coarsely toothed each tooth the termination of one of the secondary veins, margins recurved, scabrid-pubescent.
    Bracts
    Bracts leaf-like, usually more than 2 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers opposite to alternate.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 5–9 mm. long, lobes lanceolate as long as tube, nerves scabrid hairy; bracteoles linear, shorter than calyx.
    Corolla
    Corolla salmon pink, densely glandular-pubescent, no obvious scent, tube c. 2 cm. long, angled near top, middle lower lobe 7–9( 11) mm. wide, upper lobes smaller.
    Fruits
    Capsule shorter than calyx tube, flattened, rounded at apex.
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Striga forbesii Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [4155], Angola 2586.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [4155], Angola K001009138
    Forbes [s.n.], Mozambique K000379774 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch [5893], Angola K001009137
    Festo et al. [2711], Kenya K000449624

    First published in Compan. Bot. Mag. 1: 364 (1836)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 83.
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 410
    • in Hook. Comp. Bot. Mag. 1: 364 (1836)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 295 (2006).
    • Thulin (ed.), Fl. Somal.: 3: 288 (2006)
    • Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 88: 78 (2001)
    • U.K.W.F.: 261, pl. 113 (1994)
    • K.B. 41: 213, fig. 4C (1986)
    • Proc. Third Symp. Parasitic Pl.: 264 (1984)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 371 (1963)
    • F.P.U.: 135, fig. 79 (1962)
    • F.P.S. 3: 146 (1956)
    • U.O.P.Z.: 456 (1949)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 410 (1906)
    • Dyer, Fl. Cap. 4, 2: 384 (1904)
    • Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 780 (1898)
    • P.O.A. C: 361 (1895), excl. syn.
    • Peters, Reise Mossamb. Bot.: 227 (1862)
    • DC., Prodr. 10: 503 (1846)
    • Hook., Comp. Bot. Mag. 1: 364 (1836)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0