1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Genus: Striga Lour.
      1. Striga linearifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) Hepper

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Slender erect stem 20–55 cm. high, usually single or 2 or 3 from base, of ten branched, branches erect, square in section, covered with appressed grey ascending hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves inconspicuous, appressed to stem, opposite, linear-subulate, 4–10 mm. long.
    Bracts
    Bracts similar to leaves, slightly broader.
    Flowers
    Flowers opposite in terminal spike.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 2 mm. long, subulate lobes 4 mm. long, 5-nerved, appressed-pubescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla whitish, tinged purple to bluish purple, with pink spot inside lower lip, densely appressed-pubescent outside, angled about middle, tube 6–11 mm. long, lobes 2–5 mm. long, narrow.
    Fruits
    Capsule included in calyx, acute with persistent style or base of style.
    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect herb, simple or little-branched from near the base, stems ribbed and square, 1-2 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers pale pink, pale lilac or white in rather dense spikes 3-12 ins. long
    Ecology
    Moist ground in savanna grassland
    Note
    Drying grey.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Ghana, Thonning 284 (C, syn.; P-JU!, iso.)
    Habit
    Perennial herb.
    Stem
    Stems erect, 4-angled and -furrowed or -winged, 10–50 cm high, simple or sparsely branched, branches arched, pilose or scabrid, hairs grey, appressed, pointing downwards
    Leaves
    Leaves ascending, linear to scale-like and reduced, 2–7 mm long, ± 1 mm wide, entire, pubescent, slightly scabrid
    Flowers
    Flowers in spikes, shorter than the vegetative part of the stem, alternate, the upper ones opposite; bracts similar to the leaves, upper bracts 7–8 mm long, about as long as calyx; lower bracts shorter than the calyx
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular, 5-ribbed, 7–10 mm long; calyx-tube 4–5 mm long, 5-lobed, lobes unequal, linear, 3–4 mm long, pubescent
    Corolla
    Corolla pink to violet or whitish tinged purple with a pink spot inside lower lip, 2-lipped, 12–15 mm long; tube bent and expanding distally, pubescent to glandular-pubescent externally; lobes ± 3 mm long, acute, the upper lobes shorter
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong, 4 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, usually included in the calyx, acute with persistent style or base of style.
    Ecology
    Seasonally wet grassland, semi-parasitic on grass roots; 1100–1700 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC); common and widespread
    Distribution
    Range: West Africa, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan Flora districts: U2 U3 U 4 ; T1 T2 T3 T4
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda

    Striga linearifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) Hepper appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1960 Barker [1263] K000379801 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 14: 416 (1960)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Kew Bull. 14: 416 (1960).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 296 (2006).
    • U.K.W.F.: 261 (1994)
    • K.B. 41: 218 fig. 4B (1986)
    • Proc. Third Symp. Parasitic Pl.: 265 (1984)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 372 (1963)
    • K.B. 14: 416 (1960)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0