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  1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Veronica L.
      1. Veronica abyssinica Fresen.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to Somalia and S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Annual, prostrate herb, trailing or ascending, branched from or towards base; branches up to 7.5 cm. long or occasionally much more, of ten rooting at nodes, more or less densely pilose with long, white hairs; stem hollow, sometimes becoming somewhat woody.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate, lamina 15–45 x 10–36 mm., broadly ovate to ovate-elliptic, obtuse to subacute, shallowly cordate to subtruncate at base, at rimes subcuneate, shallowly to coarsely crenate-serrate; petiole 4–20 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes axillary, 1–7.5 cm. long, 2–7-flowered; flowers blue, bracteate; bracts 3–4 mm. long, 0.5–1.3 mm. wide, linear-oblong, obtuse.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels (2)6–10(15) mm. long, slender.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3.5–4.75 mm. long; lobes 1–2 mm. long, oblong to spatulate-oblong, obtuse, long-ciliate.
    Corolla
    Corolla 6–7 mm. long, upper lobe to 4 mm. wide, broadly ovate to subcircular.
    Fruits
    Capsule 3.5–4 x (3.5)4(5) mm., obcordate in outline, compressed, long pilose, or only ciliate on suture.
    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Prostrate herb, creeping, branched from the base
    Indumentum
    More or less pilose
    Flowers
    Flowers blue or pinkish
    Ecology
    In montane grassland and scrub beside small streams.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Ethiopia, Simien, Rüppell s.n. (FR, holo.)
    Habit
    Trailing perennial herb with prostrate stems up to 80(–150) cm, rooting at the nodes, sometimes profusely branched, sparsely to rather densely pubescent in two lines
    Leaves
    Leaves broadly ovate, 1–5 cm long, 0.5–3.5 cm wide, rounded to subcordate at base, subacute to obtuse, margins rather coarsely crenate, pilose to subglabrous on both sides; petioles 4–9(–18) mm long
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of lateral racemes, 2–5 cm long, 2–4(–8)-flowered; bracts linear, 4 mm long; pedicels filiform, ± 5 mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm long in flower, 6–7 mm long in fruit; segments elliptic-oblong, ciliate
    Corolla
    Corolla blue; tube white; lobes ± 6 mm long
    Filaments
    Filaments white.
    Anthers
    Anthers yellow
    Fruits
    Capsule broadly obovate, emarginate, compressed, pilose to nearly glabrous
    Figures
    Fig 30, 5–8, p 103
    Ecology
    Montane forest, stream banks, bushy grassland; 1200–3100 m (–3900 m fide
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC)
    Note
    Robust forms with larger, deep blue flowers occur in Tanzania ( T 7) at the edge of the Kitulo Plateau, Njombe District ( Hepper & Field 5345) and at some other places.
    Distribution
    Range: Extending to the mountains of Cameroon, Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Ethiopia, Malawi Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 T7 T8
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Veronica abyssinica Fresen. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [2581], Cameroon K000436224
    Jun 1, 2004 Tadjouteu, F. [429], Cameroon K000683296
    Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [4304 r], Cameroon K000212803
    Jan 1, 2004 Onana, J.-M. [1870], Cameroon K000212807
    Jan 1, 2004 Ghogue, J.-P. [1091], Cameroon K000212986
    Dec 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [7276], Cameroon K000198186
    Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [3450], Cameroon K000339199
    Dec 1, 2000 Munyenyembe, P. [798], Cameroon K000339198
    Dec 1, 2000 Kamundi, D. [724], Cameroon K000339200
    Aug 1, 1975 Letouzey, R. [14201], Cameroon K000028814
    Jan 1, 1971 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8472], Cameroon K000028812
    Keay, R.W.J. [28633], Cameroon K000028834
    Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28431], Cameroon K000028828
    Hepper, F.N. [1939], Cameroon K000028802
    Morton, J.K. [7082], Cameroon K000028804
    Morton, J.K. [7082], Cameroon K000028805
    Maitland, T.D. [1286], Cameroon K000028820
    Maitland, T.D. [1008], Cameroon K000028829
    Maitland, T.D. [223a], Cameroon K000028830
    Maitland, T.D. [1655 a], Cameroon K000028821
    Boughey, A.S. [11547], Cameroon K000028803
    Boughey, A.S. [10433], Cameroon K000028826
    Sanford, W.W. [5443], Cameroon K000028809
    Mann, G. [1997], Cameroon K000028832
    Mann, G. [1263], Cameroon K000028833
    Thomas, D.W. [3103], Cameroon K000028810
    Thomas, D.W. [3103], Cameroon K000028811
    Meurillon, A. [CNAD 1404], Cameroon K000028807
    Ash, J. [1265], Ethiopia K000196266
    Ash, J. [1265], Ethiopia 35651.000
    Hedberg, O. [93109], Cameroon K000087438
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9369], Cameroon K000028815
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9369], Cameroon K000028816
    Breteler, F.J. [MC 127], Cameroon K000028801
    Etuge, M. [324], Cameroon K000028813
    Johnston, H.H. [15], Cameroon K000028831
    Schimper, W. [462], Ethiopia K000405246
    Dunlap [75], Cameroon K000028835
    Apr 30, 1869 Schimper [1154], Ethiopia Veronica petitiana K000405248
    Schimper [1154], Ethiopia Veronica petitiana K000405247

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 2: 356 (1844)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Hedberg in Sym. Bot. Uppsal. 15: 169 (1957).
    • Römpp in Fedde Rep., Beih. 50: 141 (1928)
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 358
    • in Bot. Zeit. 2: 356 (1844)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 281 (2006).
    • Fischer, F.A.C. Scrophulariaceae: 204, pl. 85 (1999)
    • U.K.W.F.: 258, pl. 111 (1994)
    • F.Z.: 8(2): 82, t. 30/B (1990)
    • Cribb & Leedal, Mount. Fl. S Tanz.: 119, pl. 29C (1982)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 355 (1963)
    • A.V.P.: 169 (1951)
    • F.R., Beih. 50: 141 (1928)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 358 (1906)
    • Bot. Zeit. 2:356 (1844)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0