1. Family: Scrophulariaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Selago L.
      1. Selago thyrsoidea Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Malawi, Nyika Plateau, Whyte 144 (K!, holo.)
    Habit
    Small shrub, to 1 m tall with a woody root-stock, branching from the base.
    Branches
    Branches dark reddish brown, often virgate, pubescent
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, fascicled, ascending, linear to narrowly oblanceolate, 5–25 mm long, ± 1 wide, apex acute, entire, midrib channelled above, glabrous, glandular-punctate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of fewflowered congested racemes in simple or in thyrsoid panicles; bracts oblonglanceolate, adnate to the calyx tube and pedicel, 2.5–3 mm long, often incurved and concave, pubescent; pedicels ± 1 mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx obliquely campanulate, 1–2 mm long, lobed to half the length; lobes oblong, obtuse, margins pale, villous on the margins
    Corolla
    Corolla funnel-shaped, tube 2.5–3 mm long; limb pale to violet-blue, ± 3 mm across; lobes elliptic, 1.5–2.5 mm long, the two anterior ones obtuse
    Stamens
    Stamens with filaments ± 2 mm long; anthers exserted
    Gynoecium
    Ovary ± 1 mm; style and stigma ± 3.5 mm long, glabrous or minutely puberulous
    Fruits
    Cocci reddish brown, ± 1 mm in diameter, smooth, glabrous.
    Ecology
    Montane grassland and heath and wet meadow; ± 2000 m
    Conservation
    Known in the Flora area from two collections, but possibly of Least Concern (LC) throughout its range
    Note
    Hilliard (op. cit. p. 222–223) cites a single collection from Tanzania, Ukinga Mts, NNE of Lake Malawi ( Goetze 961), but states that it differes from the typical species in its longer calyx with acute anterior lobes and a longer corolla, and whose status needs confirmation. I have seen this collection, it agrees with all characters of this species and I am convinced that it is S. thyrsoidea. It is either very rare or more likely undercollected in our area.
    Distribution
    Range: Malawi Flora districts: T7
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Perennial woody herb or subshrub, 30–100 cm. or more tall; stem erect or suberect; branches many-leaved, wiry, shortly pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 5–20(30) x c. 1 mm., linear, subobtuse, entire or sometimes with 1–2 small teeth towards apex, glabrous, fasciculate, or rarely irregularly alternate on inflorescence branches.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 3–9(18) cm. long, thyrsoid-paniculate of numerous short pedunculate spikes or heads at ends of branches; spikes or heads c. 5–10 x 4–6 mm., circular to oblong, slightly elongating in fruit.
    Bracts
    Bracts c. 3 mm. long, linear, obtuse, incurved, pubescent or subglabrous at base, shortly ciliate.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, 1–1.5 mm. long, pubescent, campanulate; lobes c. 0.75 mm. long, subequal, about equalling tube to 3–4 times longer, subacute to obtuse, long ciliate; lower lobes broader than upper.
    Corolla
    Corolla blue to purplish-blue, tube (1)1.5–2(3) mm. long; lobes equalling or longer than tube, rounded to oblong, largest lobe (1)1.5–2(3) x 1.2–1.5 mm.
    Fruits
    Capsule not seen.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia

    Selago thyrsoidea Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1898: 159 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Philcox, D. (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 8(2): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hilliard, Selagineae: 222 (1999).
    • F.Z. 8(2): 171, t. 58 (1990)
    • Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 9: 31 (1954), pro parte
    • F.T.A. 5: 270 (1900)
    • K.B. 1898: 159 (1898)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0