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  1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Solanum L.
      1. Solanum lamprocarpum Bitter

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

    Type
    Type: Tanzania, Lindi District, E of Lake Lutamba, Busse III 2498 (P!, lecto., designated by Vorontsova & Knapp in Taxon 59: 1597, 2010; EA!, GOET!, isolecto.)
    General
    Shrub, 0.5–2 m, erect, unarmed or heavily armed; young stems densely stellatepubescent, trichomes porrect, translucent to orange-brown, sessile to shortly stalked, stalks up to 0.1 mm, rays ± 8, 0.2–0.4 mm, midpoints 0.7–1 mm; prickles straight, 2–6 mm long, 0.2–0.8 mm wide at base
    Leaves
    Leaf blades drying concolorous to discolorous, red-green or yellow-green, obovate to elliptic, 5–7.5 × 2.5–4 cm, ± 2 times longer than wide, base cuneate, often unequal or oblique, margin lobed, the lobes 3–4 on each side, rounded to oblong, up to 10 mm long, apically rounded to obtuse, extending up to 1/2(2/3) of the distance to the midvein; apex obtuse to acute; densely stellate-pubescent abaxially and sometimes glabrescent adaxially, trichomes on abaxial surface porrect, sessile or shortly stalked, stalks to 0.1 mm, rays 6–8, 0.2–0.3 mm, midpoints 0.7–1 mm long, adaxially with 0–5 rays, midpoints 0.5–1.5 mm long; primary veins 4–6 pairs; petiole 0.7–2 cm, 1/3–1/4 of leaf length
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences not branched or branched once, 2–3 cm long, with 2–4 flowers; peduncle 0–3 mm long; rachis 0–1 cm long; peduncle and rachis unarmed; pedicels 0.4–0.8 cm long in flower, in fruit 1.5–2.4 cm long, usually unarmed
    Flowers
    Flowers largely perfect, 5-merous
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–6 mm long, lobes oblong, 2–3 mm long, obtuse, with 0–10 prickles
    Corolla
    Corolla mauve, ± 1.7 cm in diameter, lobed for ± 4/5 of its length, lobes narrowly ovate to narrowly deltate or oblong, 7–9 × ± 2 mm
    Stamens
    Stamens equal; anthers 5–6 mm
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous; style ± 9 mm long
    Fruits
    Berries 2–4 per infructescence, red at maturity, spherical, 10–11 mm in diameter; fruiting calyx unarmed
    Seeds
    Seeds 2.7–3 × 2.2–2.3 mm
    Ecology
    Shrubland and disturbed areas; 0–300 m
    Note
    Solanum lamprocarpum is a rare species recognised by its foliaceous oblong calyx lobes with obtuse apices, reddish elliptic or obovate lobed leaves, straight prickles, erect woody pedicels and trichomes with midpoints elongated to 0.7–1 mm long. Like several other endemic spiny Solanum species superficially similar to the widespread S. anguivi, very few collections exist and its geographical extent and morphological variability are not fully known.
    Distribution
    Range: Mozambique Flora districts: T6 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania

    Other Data

    Solanum lamprocarpum Bitter appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 5, 2010 Frontier-Tanzania [1928], Tanzania K000441567
    Jul 2, 1905 Frontier-Tanzania [2232], Tanzania K000441618
    Jun 30, 1905 Mwasumbi, L.B. [11487], Tanzania K000441568
    Jun 30, 1905 Ludanga, R.I. [1251], Tanzania K000441570
    Jun 30, 1905 Richards, H.M. Mrs [17829], Tanzania K000441569

    Bibliography

    First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 107 (1923)

    Accepted by

    • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • T.T.C.L.: 583 (1949).
    • F.R. Beih. 16: 107 (1923)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0