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  1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Solanum L.
      1. Solanum schliebenii Werderm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania (Uluguru Mountains).

    [FTEA]

    Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

    Type
    Type: Tanzania, Morogoro District: Uluguru Mts, NW side, Schlieben 3415 (?B†, holo.; BR!, BM!, M, P!, all iso. labelled Schlieben 3415a)
    General
    Shrub or small tree to 8 m high; stems sparsely branched, becoming thick and lenticellate; young stems and branches covered with dense small sessile stellate ± equal-rayed hairs ± 0.2 mm diameter, glabrescent, also with spreading soft bristles to 7 × 0.2–1 mm tapering to an acute point, usually simple, sometimes forked, purple becoming yellow to brown, densely tomentose with short glistening hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, dark green, membranaceous, ovate to broadly ovate, (16.5–)20–40 × 8–14 cm, bases cuneate sometimes decurrent and unequal, margins occasionally sinuate, apices acute to acuminate; lower surfaces of young leaves mealy and densely tomentose-stellate, hairs as on stems, becoming more confined to veins and midribs with maturity; upper surfaces glabrescent, both surfaces with prominent 7–11 alternate pairs of veins, bristles absent; petioles 3.5–9 cm long, bristles absent
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal to subterminal becoming lateral, multiply forked, manyflowered (usually 100+) umbellate cymes borne in pyramidal candelabra-like corymbs up to 12 cm broad apically; flowers 5-merous, erect or nodding; flowering axes densely stellate-tomentose, bristles absent; peduncles 0–6 mm long in flower and in fruit, becoming glabrous and woody; pedicels erect to recurved and 3–9 mm long in flower, erect and 6–9 cm long in fruit, glabrous, woody, thickened beneath calyx
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate to cupulate, 1.8–2.5 mm long, stellate-tomentose in bud sometimes glabrescent with small brown glands externally, glabrescent internally, lobes triangular or ovate, 0.5–1.4 × 0.8–1.5 mm, obtuse, stellate-tomentose externally; adherent basally in fruit, later becoming reflexed, 1.5–2.5 × 1.5–2 mm, glabrous
    Corolla
    Corolla pale purple to violet, stellate, 12–18 mm diameter; tube 0.7–1 mm long, stellate-tomentose externally, glabrous internally; lobes strongly reflexed, lanceolate, 4–6.5 × 0.9–1.5 mm, acute, stellate-tomentose externally, often with small stalked glands internally
    Stamens
    Stamens equal; filaments free for ± 0.3 mm, glabrous; anthers bright yellow becoming brown, poricidal, 2.8–3.2 × 0.7–1.1 mm
    Ovary
    Ovary brownish, 0.5–0.8 × 0.3–0.6 mm, with scattered stellate hairs apically, ?bilocular; style straight, stout, 4.2–5.2 × 0.4–0.5 mm, stellate-pilose for lower half, glabrous above, exserted up to 1.5 mm; stigma capitate, slightly bifid, 0.4–0.5 mm diameter
    Fruits
    Berries smooth, yellow to orange-red, globose, glabrous, 6–10 mm diameter, often falling from pedicels when ripe, pericarp somewhat leathery. Seeds 4–16 per berry, light to dark brown, obovoid, orbicular, elliptic or reniform, 3–3.3 × 2.6–3 mm, flattened, minutely foveolate; sclerotic granules absent
    Figures
    Fig 18/12 & 13, p 152
    Ecology
    Moist forest, often on riverine paths or river-banks; 1450–1850 m
    Note
    Though only represented by a few specimens, most authors working in this geographical area have recognised that S. schliebenii is a distinct species. It is closely related to S. schumannianum, from which it can be distinguished by its characteristic yellowish densely pubescent bristles (on which stellate hairs with a slightly longer median ray are sometimes discernible) which are confined to the stems and branches, by its large ovate eventually glabrescent dark green leaves with prominent venation, and by its smaller buds and seeds. From the material examined, including several isotype specimens, the inflorescences of S. schliebenii seem to be virtually epedunculate (with the peduncle either absent or < 6 mm long), and several long forked branches arising almost basally – these may have been what Werdermann erroneously noted as 4 cm long peduncles in his diagnosis. Werdermann’s protologue cited the holotype as Schlieben 3415 without any type locality. Schlieben’s first set was deposited in Berlin and was destroyed in 1943. There are a number of isotypes of this species – but with the collection number Schlieben 3415a. Lester in 2005 selected the BR specimen as the lectotype of this species and the BM specimen as the isolecto., but these were not published, and there are a number of extant isotypes.
    Distribution
    Range: Restricted to Uluguru Mts Flora districts: T6

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Other Data

    Solanum schliebenii Werderm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2010 Bruce, E.M. [618], Tanzania K000441559
    Aug 1, 2010 Bruce, E.M. [618], Tanzania K000441562
    Jun 30, 1905 Harris, B.J. [5135], Tanzania K000441561
    Jun 30, 1905 Paulo, S. [39], Tanzania K000441558
    Jun 30, 1905 Jannerup, ? [201], Tanzania K000441560

    Bibliography

    First published in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 92 (1934)

    Accepted by

    • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Jaeger, Syst. stud. Solanum in Africa: 351 (1985, ined.).
    • E.J. 81: 326 (1962)
    • Polhill, Solanum in E & NE Africa: 15 (ined., 1961)
    • T.T.C.L.: 578 (1949)
    • N.B.G.B. 12: 92 (1934)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0