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  1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Glyphaea Hook.f.
      1. Glyphaea brevis (Spreng.) Monach.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Tiliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Ecology
    Mainly in regrowth forest.
    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Shrub or tree 1.5–20 m tall, often straggling; branchlets sparsely stellate-puberulous, later glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate, obovate, obovate-lanceolate or oblong to elliptic, 5–25 cm long, 1.5–14 cm wide, long-acuminate at the apex, the acumen up to 3 cm long, rounded to subcordate at the base, subentire or doubly-toothed, thin, nearly glabrous or sparsely puberulous on the venation above, adpressed puberulousbeneath, often with 2 sorts of stellate hairs; lateral nerves in 5–7 pairs with the 2 basal reaching over half way up the blade or beyond; stipules lanceolate, ± 2 mm long, very deciduous; petiole 1.5–3.5 cm long.
    Peduncles
    Peduncles 0.5–2 cm long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 1–2.5(–3.3) cm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers up to 4.5 cm in diameter; sepals green, yellow inside, oblong, 1.5–2 cm long, 0.3–0.5 cm wide, tomentellous outside; petals golden or lemon-yellow, oblanceolate or narrowly oblong, 1–2 cm long, 4–4.2 mm wide; stamens yellow; style 6 mm long; stigma green.
    Fruits
    Fruit brown, spindle-shaped, 3.5–7.6 cm long, 1.2–1.6 cm wide, ridged and beaked.
    Seeds
    Seeds irregularly ellipsoid, 4 mm long, 3 mm wide, wrinkled when dry.
    Figures
    Fig. 17.
    Habitat
    Secondary bushland and forest edges, Baikiaea-Julbernardia-Parkia-Maesopsis-Pycnanthus etc. forest, Celtis-Holoptelea forest, clearings in forest; 650–1500 m
    Distribution
    Guinea Bissau to Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Bioko, Gabon, Congo (Brazzaville), Central African Republic, Congo (Kinshasa), Sudan, Angola T4 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Glyphaea brevis (Spreng.) Monach. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2010 Cheek, M. [11026], Cameroon K000673439
    Oct 1, 2010 Etuge, M. [5131], Cameroon K000673437
    Oct 1, 2010 Darbyshire, I. [225], Cameroon K000673438
    May 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4314], Cameroon K000026396
    May 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [2596], Cameroon K000026397
    Aug 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4763], Cameroon K000746362
    Aug 1, 1995 Groves, M. [104], Cameroon K000093789
    Jan 1, 1995 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [57], Cameroon K000540322
    Jan 1, 1988 Etuge, M. [203], Cameroon K000094657
    Jan 1, 1987 Etuge, M. [300], Cameroon K000094597
    Jan 1, 1971 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8177], Cameroon K000094596
    Onochie, C.F.A. [31194], Cameroon K000094601
    Daramola, B.O. [29821], Cameroon K000094602
    Lovi [3860], Ghana 15999.000
    Tinsley [4889], Ghana 16000.000
    Maitland, T.D. [578], Cameroon K000094599
    Thomas, D.W. [2467], Cameroon K000094598
    Etuge, M. [16], Cameroon K000094658
    Monteiro [s.n.] K000425917
    Monteiro [s.n.] K000425916
    Nemba, J. [39], Cameroon K000094659
    Acworth, J.M. [54], Cameroon K000540321
    Thompson, S.A. [1374], Cameroon K000094660
    Thompson, S.A. [1632], Cameroon K000094661
    Mildbraed, G. W. J. [10731], Cameroon K000094600
    Akogo, M. [300], Cameroon K000540292

    Bibliography

    First published in Phytologia 2: 484 (1948)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoly, J. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Flore de la Tshopo (RD Congo): Familles des Malvaceae, Orchidaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae Taxonomania 29: 1-41.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • in Phytolog. 2: 484 (1948).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • W. Hawthorne, Field Guide For. Trees Ghana: 125, fig. 345 (1990).
    • Hamilton, Field Guide Uganda For. Trees: 122, fig. 127 (1981).
    • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 10: 82 (1963).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 308, fig. 117 (1958).
    • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 237 (1951).
    • Monach. in Phytologia 2: 484 (1948).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0