1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Grewia L.
      1. Grewia arborea (Forssk.) Lam.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. & E. Tropical Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree to 9 m tall; young stems glabrescent to ferruginous-pubescent, sometimes ± villous.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate, oblong or obovate-oblong, 1.8–14 cm long, 1–7.4 cm wide, ± truncate to obtuse at the apex, rarely acute or shortly acuminate, obliquely asymmetric at the base, margins shallowly dentate to ± entire, ± glabrous and shiny green above, whitish tomentellous beneath with veins sometimes less densely so and brownish; petiole 3–8 mm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a 1–3-flowered cyme, 1–3 in a leaf-axil, densely pubescent becoming glabrous, sometimes covered with long ferruginous hairs; peduncle 2–13 mm long; pedicels 5–13 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow; sepals 11–16 mm long, yellow inside, sometimes reddish outside; petals 4–10 mm long, oblong-ovate and notched at the apex to broadly ovate and acute or ± subcircular.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore glabrous for ± 2.5 mm at the base, densely pubescent and produced up to 1.5 mm above the node.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–8 mm long.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–3 mm long, densely hairy; style 6–8 mm long.
    Fruits
    Fruit 2-lobed, or unlobed by abortion, the lobes 7–15 mm long, 7–15 mm wide, shortly stellate-pubescent becoming glabrescent, maturing orange-red.
    Figures
    Fig. 8 (p. 54).
    Habitat
    Thicket, open woodland, Acacia - Commiphora bushland, scattered bush grassland, around cultivation, often on rocky outcrops or occasionally on termite mounds, rarely in dry evergreen forest; 450–1700 m
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 U1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Myanmar, Nepal, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

    Grewia arborea (Forssk.) Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 9, 1998 Fischer [s.n.], Tanzania K000241830 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1988 Fischer [54], Tanzania K000241831 Unknown type material
    Deflers, A. [601], Saudi Arabia K000686769
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1091] Grewia salvifolia K001112022
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1091] Grewia salvifolia K001112023
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1091] Grewia salvifolia K001112024
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1091] Grewia salvifolia K001112025
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1091], India Grewia salvifolia K001112026

    First published in Encycl. 3: 45 (1789)

    Accepted by

    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 2: 1-1060. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 2: 1-1060. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Sebsebe in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 146 (1995).
    • Hepper & Friis, Pl. Pehr Forssk. Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 236 (1994).
    • J.R.I. Wood in Kew Bulletin 39: 137 (1984).
    • Lam., Encycl. Méth. Bot. 3: 45 (1789).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0