1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Grewia L.
      1. Grewia bicolor Juss.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree to 6 m tall; young branches greyish to brownish tomentellous, rarely with slightly coarser stellate pubescence.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually elliptic, rarely oblong or ovate, 0.9–8.2 cm long, 0.4–3.5 cm wide, rounded to bluntly acute at the apex, rounded at the base, margins minutely serrate to ± entire, green and ± glabrous to densely minutely pubescent above, evenly whitish tomentellous beneath, rarely slightly brownish on the veins; petiole 2–4 mm long, greyish to brownish tomentellous; stipules linear-lanceolate, 4–12 mm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a (1–)3-flowered cyme, 1–3 in a leaf-axil, the axes greyish to brownish tomentellous; peduncle 4–13 mm long; pedicels 5–14 mm long; bracts ovate to lanceolate, 2–5 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow to orange; sepals 6–11 mm long; petals oblong, 3–8 mm long, acute to emarginate at the apex.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore ± absent or up to 1 mm long, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6–7 mm long.
    Pistil
    Ovary ± 1.5 mm long, densely hairy; style 5–6 mm long.
    Fruits
    Fruit usually 2-lobed, or unlobed by abortion, the lobes 4–7 mm long, 4–8 mm wide, ± glabrous or with a few scattered minute stellate hairs, green turning orange when ripe.
    Figures
    Fig. 4/31 (leaf, p. 11).
    Habitat
    Woodland, thicket, Commiphora - Acacia bushland, scattered bush grassland, on dry sandy soil and along streams; 650–1650 m
    Distribution
    T1 T2 T4 T5 T7 U1 widespread from Senegal to Ethiopia, south to Botswana, Namibia and NE South Africa
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrub or occasionally moderate-sized tree up to 9 m. tall; bark dark grey in large specimens, deeply fissured longitudinally and exfoliating in long strips, in smaller specimens bark grey and smooth; young branches grey- or brown-tomentellous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 1·5–7 × 1–3·2 cm., elliptic, elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, acute or rounded at the apex, margins finely serrate, sometimes almost entire, rounded or subcordate or broadly cuneate at the base, glabrous and green to very shortly greenish-tomentellous above, shortly and densely white-tomentose below; petiole c. 2 mm. (rarely up to 4 mm.) long; stipules c. 6 mm. long, linear or subulate, grey-or brownish-tomentellous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences all axillary; peduncles brownish- or grey-tomentellous, 5–10 mm. long; pedicels similar, 2–3 together, 3–10 mm. long; bracts similar to the stipules, c. 4 mm. long, caducous.
    Buds
    Flower-buds oblong-ovoid.
    Calyx
    Sepals up to 1·2 cm. long, linear-oblong or spathulate-oblong, slightly hooded at the apex, grey- or brownish-green-tomentellous outside, yellow and glabrous inside.
    Corolla
    Petals bright yellow, 2/3–3/4 the length of the sepals, linear-oblong, sometimes 2-dentate at the apex, with a basal nectariferous claw circumvillous within and with a ledge above and glabrous on the back, or with the nectary entirely lacking.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore with a glabrous basal portion up to 1 mm. long when nectaries present, or completely absent, in the latter case the ovary almost sessile on a short pubescent cushion carrying the anthers.
    Pistil
    Ovary shortly stellate-pubescent, shallowly 2-lobed or 1-lobed with an eccentric style by abortion of 1 loculus; style c. 4 mm. long, glabrous; stigma-lobes c. 4, broad and flattened.
    Fruits
    Fruit deeply divided into two globose lobes, each c. 6 mm. in diam. or 1 -lobed, sparsely stellate-pubescent, finally purple-black.
    [FWTA]

    Tiliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub or tree, up to 40 ft. high
    Ecology
    In the drier savannahs
    Leaves
    Leaves almost white beneath
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, India, Ivory Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Bastard brandy bush, False brandy bush, White-leaved grewia, White-leaved raisin

    Grewia bicolor Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 16, 2008 Crawford, F. [18], Namibia K000450342
    Sep 16, 2008 Crawford, F. [130], Namibia K000450343
    Jan 1, 1958 Dinter [438], South Africa K000241912
    Sep 1, 1956 Lugard, E.J. [54], Botswana K000975712 Unknown type material
    Sep 1, 1956 Lugard, E.J. [92], Botswana K000975713
    Sep 1, 1956 Lugard, E.J. [92], Botswana K000975714 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 1956 Schlechter, F.R.R. [11930], Mozambique K000975711 isosyntype
    Aug 1, 1956 Schlechter, F.R.R. [11930], Mozambique K000975710
    Jan 1, 1956 Swynnerton, C.F.M. [1221], Mozambique K000975708 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1935 Welwitsch, F.M.J. [1377], Angola K000975709 Unknown type material
    Schimper [727], Ethiopia K000241782
    Schimper [727], Ethiopia K000241783
    Schimper [727], Ethiopia K000241784
    Sieber [56], Senegal K000241826
    [Koilel] [s.n.], Senegal K000241825
    Kunth [s.n.], Senegal K000241827

    First published in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 4: 90 (1804)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325. [Cited as Grewia damine.]
    • Browicz, K. (1981). Flora Iranica 148: 1-15. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien. [Cited as Grewia damine.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 154, t. 25, 3.
    • Burret in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 45: 176
    • in Ann. Mus. Paris 4: 90, t. 50, fig. 2 (1804)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Sebsebe in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 146 (1995).
    • Audru et al., Pl. Vasc. Rép. Djibouti 2: 223, t. on 226, fig. 83 (1994).
    • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Afr.: 68, fig. 282 (1987).
    • Wild in Flora of Southern Africa 21(1): 9 (1984).
    • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 19 (1969).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 49 (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 239, fig. 42d (1962).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 304 (1958).
    • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 217 (1951).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 222 (1950).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 621 (1949).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 263 (1895).
    • Juss. in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 90, t. 50/2 (1804).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/