1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Grewia L.
      1. Grewia monticola Sond.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree to 5(–9.5) m tall; young branches densely brownish stellate-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves oblong to ovate or obovate-oblong, 1.3–10 cm long, 0.7–4.5 cm wide, acute to acuminate at the apex, rounded to obliquely truncate at the base and very asymmetric, margin serrate, sometimes coarsely so, green and minutely stellate-pubescent above, sometimes sparsely so, densely evenly whitish tomentellous beneath, sometimes with a few longer brownish hairs interspersed; petiole 2–11 mm long, whitish tomentellous to brownish stellate-pubescent; stipules up to 6 mm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a (1–)3-flowered cyme, 1–3 in a leaf-axil, the axes brownish stellate-pubescent; peduncle 6–12 mm long; pedicels 4–10 mm long; bracts ovate, ± 3 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow; sepals 6–8 mm long, petals oblong, 3–4 mm long, ± 1 mm wide.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore ± 1 mm long, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–5 mm long.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1–1.5 mm long, densely hairy; style ± 4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Fruit 2-lobed, less often unlobed by abortion, the lobes 5–6 mm long, 5–6 mm wide, green when young, stellate-pubescent.
    Figures
    Fig. 4/32 (leaf, p. 11).
    Habitat
    Thicket, including coastal and riverine; 100–900 m
    Distribution
    T6 T8
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree up to 5 m. tall; young branches densely ferruginously tomentose.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 2·5–9 × 1–5 cm., obliquely elliptic-oblong to ovate, acute at the apex, margin irregularly serrate, asymmetrically cordate or rounded at the base, sparsely pubescent or glabrous and somewhat rugose above, densely white-tomentose below; petiole 2–5 mm. long, ferruginously tomentose; stipules c. 8 mm. long, linear-lanceolate, apiculate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences all axillary; peduncles up to 1 cm. long, often 2–3 together in one axil, ferruginous-tomentose; pedicels c. 5 mm. long, about 3 per peduncle, ferruginously tomentose; bracts c. 5 mm. long, linear to linear-lanceolate, ferruginously tomentose.
    Buds
    Flower-buds ovoid or ovoid-oblong.
    Calyx
    Sepals ferruginously tomentose outside, glabrous and yellow inside, c. 10 mm. long, narrowly oblong.
    Corolla
    Petals bright yellow, 1/2–2/3 the length of the sepals, oblong, narrowly obovate or obovate, often 2-dentate at the apex, either with a basal nectariferous claw which is circumvillous within ledged above and glabrous on the back, or with the gland entirely lacking.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore 1 mm. long, glabrous but villous at the apex producing a cushion that bears the stamens, or with the basal glabrous portion lacking in specimens with no nectaries.
    Pistil
    Ovary villous, shallowly 2-lobed; style c. 4 mm. long, glabrous, with broad flattened stigma-lobes.
    Fruits
    Fruit either deeply 2-lobed or 1-lobed by abortion of 1 loculus, each lobe c. 8 mm. in diam., setulose-pubescent, yellowish when ripe.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Grewia monticola Sond. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1956 Lugard, E.J. [102], Botswana K000975707 Unknown type material
    Zeyher [145], South Africa K000241908 Unknown type material
    Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000241907
    Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000241909 Unknown type material
    Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000241910 Unknown type material
    Burke [317], South Africa K000241911 Unknown type material

    First published in Linnaea 23: 20 (1850)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wild in Flora of Southern Africa 21(1): 10 (1984).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 33 (1980).
    • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 20 (1969).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 50 (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 238, fig. 42b (1962).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 621 (1949).
    • Burret in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 45: 179 (1910).
    • Sond. in Linnaea 23: 20 (1850).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0