1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Grewia L.
      1. Grewia pachycalyx K.Schum.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to N. Botswana.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Shrub, sometimes scandent, up to 6 m tall; young branches shortly, sometimes sparsely, stellate-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves elliptic to ovate, 2.2–14 cm long, 1.3–7 cm wide, acute to acuminate at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, margins serrate, ± glabrous with a few scattered stellate hairs above, a thin covering of minute stellate hairs beneath; petiole 2–4 mm long, shortly stellate-pubescent; stipules subulate, up to 6 mm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal or subterminal leaf-opposed axillary 3–9-flowered cymes, axes covered with a short greyish green stellate pubescence; peduncle 5–17 mm long; pedicels up to 22 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers white; sepals 15–23 mm long, white inside, green outside, the margins thickened and appearing whitish in bud; petals broadly ovate, 6–11 mm long, 4–7 mm wide, white, green at the base.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore glabrous for 1–2 mm at the base, produced and pubescent for 2–4 mm above the node.
    Stamens
    Stamens 9–14 mm long; filaments white;ovary ± 2 mm long, densely hairy.
    Style
    Style 10–12 mm long, white; stigma green.
    Fruits
    Fruit (1–)4-lobed, 14–20 mm wide, the lobes 9–14 mm long, 7–10 mm wide, covered in long hairs with a small wart at their base, becoming glabrous, green with white dots maturing reddish brown.
    Figures
    Fig. 3/16 (leaf, p. 9).
    Habitat
    Woodland thicket, usually beside river courses or along drainage lines; 800–1450 m
    Distribution
    T1 T2 T4 T5 T7
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrub, sometimes scandent, up to 5 m. tall; branchlets rather pale or reddish-pubescent, soon becoming glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 6–19 × 2·5–9 cm., oblong-lanceolate, subrhombic or narrowly obovate, acute or shortly acuminate at the apex, margin finely crenate-dentate, rounded or subcuneate at the base, finely pubescent above when young but soon glabrous, finely but more densely pubescent below and also eventually glabrous; petiole up to 0·8 cm. long, pubescent; stipules up to 1·4 cm. long, lanceolate-acuminate, with a dorsal keel, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences opposite the leaves, 3–9-flowered; peduncles up to 2 mm. long, pubescent; pedicels up to 15 mm. long, pubescent; bracts c. 2 mm. long, shortly triangular.
    Calyx
    Sepals 1·5–2·2 × 0·35–0·5 cm., linear-oblong, hooded but not thickened at the apex, greenish-pubescent outside, white and glabrous inside.
    Corolla
    Petals white, up to 15 × 10 mm., ovate-lanceolate; lamina much wider than the nectariferous claw which is circumvillous and ledged above on the inside and up to 1·5 mm. long.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore with a lower glabrous portion up to 1·5 mm. long and an elongated pubescent upper portion up to 4·5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary 4-lobed, pubescent; style up to 10 mm. long, finely stellate-pubescent or glabrous except at the base; stigma-lobes broad.
    Fruits
    Fruit orange-red when ripe, c. 2 cm. in diam., 4-lobed, shining, glabrescent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Grewia pachycalyx K.Schum. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1964 Burtt, B.D. [748], Angola K000285388
    Jan 1, 1957 Clarke, B. [155], Zambia K000285397
    Sep 1, 1956 Codd, L.E. [7099], Namibia K000285398
    Jan 1, 1956 Chase, N.C. [29874], Mozambique K000285391
    Jan 1, 1956 Miller, O.B. [B1269], Botswana K000285384
    Jan 1, 1956 Wild, H. [2374], Zimbabwe K000285387
    Jan 1, 1953 Wild, H. [4211], Zimbabwe K000285385
    Jan 1, 1952 Angus, A. [58], Zambia K000285395
    Jan 1, 1952 Angus, A. [183], Zambia K000285396
    Goyder, D.J. [3606], Malawi K000285394
    Richards, H.M. [14421], Malawi K000285392
    Torre, A.R. [18131], Mozambique K000285389
    Torre, A.R. [11177], Mozambique K000285390
    Pawek, J. [9128], Malawi K000285393
    Guy, P.R. [2374], Zimbabwe K000285386

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 15: 123 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wild in Flora of Southern Africa 21(1): 17 (1984).
    • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 33 (1969).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 61 (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 238, fig. 41e (1962).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 617 (1949).
    • Burret in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 45: 196 (1910).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 264 (1895).
    • K. Schum. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 15: 123 (1892).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0