1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Grewia L.
      1. Grewia praecox K.Schum.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Bush or small tree up to 4 m. tall, with rather pale pubescent branches.
    Leaves
    Leaves incompletely expanded at flowering time; leaf-lamina c. 1–2 × 1–1·25 cm. expanding to 5–6 × 2–5 cm. in fruit, oblong, ovate-oblong or subobovate-rhombic, acute at the apex, margin denticulate and becoming irregularly serrate with age, rounded or broadly cuneate at the base, subtomentose on both surfaces but not discolorous when young, sparsely pubescent in fruit; petiole 1–4 mm. long, pubescent; stipules subulate, exceeding the petiole at flowering time; bud-scales persistent, characteristically brown-black and cucullate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1-, rarely 2-flowered, extra-axillary; peduncles very short or obsolete; pedicels up to 18 mm. long, densely pubescent; bracts similar to the young stipules.
    Calyx
    Sepals up to 17 mm. long, linear-oblong, greenish and densely pubescent outside, white and glabrous inside.
    Corolla
    Petals white, c. 0·7 cm. long, broadly lanceolate to almost circular, with a narrower basal claw 1 mm. tall, circumvillous within and ledged above.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore glabrous below for 1 mm., shortly tomentellous above for c. 1 mm.
    Pistil
    Ovary 4-lobed, villous; style c. 8 mm. long, pubescent except in the upper third; stigma-lobes broad.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 15 mm. in diam., very deeply 4-lobed, with scattered setulose hairs often borne in pairs on a tuberculate base.
    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Shrub to 4 m tall, sometimes scandent; young branches densely pubescent to tomentose.
    Leaves
    Leaves elliptic to broadly ovate, 2.1–6.8 cm long, 1.1–4.4 cm wide, margins serrate, sometimes coarsely and thickly so, tomentose beneath, slightly less so above and becoming slightly scabrid; petiole 1–6 mm long, densely pubescent to tomentose; stipules subulate, 3–8 mm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence usually a solitary flower, but sometimes up to 3-flowered, sometimes flowering before the leaves appear; peduncle very short or absent; pedicels 5–20 mm long, densely pubescent to tomentose.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, sweet-scented; sepals 15–20 mm long; petals elliptic, broadly ovate or ± subcircular, 4–12 mm long, 2.5–6 mm wide.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore glabrous for ± 1 mm at the base, pubescent and produced for 1–3 mm above the node.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5–11 mm long, white.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1.5–2 mm long, densely white-hairy; style 7–9 mm long, greenish.
    Fruits
    Fruit (1–)4-lobed, 10–14 mm wide, the lobes 6–8 mm long, 5–7 mm wide, scattered with long hairs with a small wart at their base.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Grewia praecox K.Schum. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Fischer [63], Tanzania K000241864 Unknown type material
    Goetze, W. [483], Tanzania K000241865 Unknown type material
    Polhill, R.M. [566], Kenya K000241866

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 15: 117 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 157, fig. d & d1 on 152 (1994).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 59 (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 238, fig. 41/C (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 568, fig. 103/d, 103/d1 (1961).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 615 (1949).
    • Burret in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 45: 195 (1910).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 263 (1895).
    • K. Schum. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 15: 117 (1892)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0